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10

em dashes are usually used to denote an interruption or sudden change — whether in dialogue, thought or narrative — ellipses are for pauses, again in all respects. 'I just don't see why— 'I don't care what you think,' Johan barked, turning from me before I could protest. 'She was just...' His face turned pale as his memory returned to that ...


9

In everyday writing, (say on the web, or an email) I'd use bullets where possible. I think they're more accessible and quicker to scan. Unless there were some reason to actually number things. The Wikipedia style manual spells this out well: Use numbers rather than bullets only if: A need to refer to the elements by number may arise; The ...


7

Why do films need master copies? Because playing a movie, or even copying it, involves the film (i.e. the physical celluloid strip) to be dragged through a machine, and this handling causes abrasion, scratches, and with time destroys the film. So instead of copying the original film a thousand times for all the cinemas out there and in this process ...


7

Germany Typographic rules (e.g. Forssman/de Jong, Detailtypographie), the most prominent, quasi-official orthographic authority (Duden), and Wikipedia all say: A punctuation mark following emphasized text (in italics, boldface, small caps, caps, letter spacing, etc.) is also emphasized. Exceptions are quotation marks and brackets, especially if only ...


6

Those (and dialogue) are all quotations. The first might be quoting Sophia or an unnamed sarcastic commentator or someone else. The second quotes Genesis. The third quotes the character's anthropomorphized common sense. All quotations. So punctuate them like other quotations.


5

I use italics, I find it is the clearest way to define thought as different to speech, and denoting actual thought as a form of dialogue can help draw distinctions between actual thought and narrative. In third person narrative it is common to write from the perspective of the character in question, and colour the tone of your writing with the way they ...


4

When writing a list like this, you have several options for how you want to style the text. In business writing, such as an email, you can always format this as a bulleted list: Please send the email to the following recipients: Jason, Chief Information Officer Sarah, President Courtney, Investor This has the advantage of being ...


4

I'd write it in the script. You have to hire someone to read the lines, and it's audible dialogue which the characters and audience have to hear and react to. GREG I've got the tea. Where are the biscuits? JOHN Upper cabinet to the left of the sink, bottom shelf. RADIO ANNOUNCER And now, we present for your enjoyment the dramatization of Neil Gaiman's ...


4

Orthography In German a date is written like this: 10. Januar 2014 There is of course a space between all "words". The dot behind the number for the day is a writing convention for ordinal numbers. E.g. 10 is "ten" and 10. is "tenth" in German orthography. So the above example reads "tenth january two thousand fourteen", if you translate it. Of ...


4

A postscriptum was added to a handwritten letter to avoid having to copy all of it only to add in an afterthought. When you write digitally and have the option to easily rewrite any part of your letter before you email it, a postscriptum is completely out of place. An email, especially to a person of consequence to your carreer, should be a carefully ...


4

I might use an M-dash for the whale example, because it's startling. For the gold watch, that's more of a thoughtful pause, so it would take an ellipsis. Also related on this site: Using dashes in writing dialogue and How not to overuse ellipsis?


3

I believe you need a nonbreaking hyphen. It'll keep the characters before and after it from breaking across lines. From Butterick's Practical Typography: Your word proces­sor as­sumes that any hy­phen marks a safe place to flow the text onto a new line or page. Sim­i­lar to the non­break­ing space, the non­break­ing hy­phen looks iden­ti­cal to a ...


3

It depends on what exactly you're doing. For print the usual convention is to indent the first line of each paragraph, except for the first paragraph in a given section, with no blank line between paragraphs. This is primarily because adding in those blank lines would increase the number of pages used, and therefore make things more expensive to produce; ...


3

Something may be a one-time event, but that doesn't mean it's capitalized. I would refer to "the assault" throughout unless you're using the book's title. "The assault that takes place in The Assault assulted my senses." In English, aside from capitalizing the first word of a sentence, the only time words are generally capitalized if they are proper nouns ...


3

Newspapers are perhaps the iconic manifestation of "house style." Several publications have been in print near-continuously since before we had ample standardization of grammar and formats, and are likely the source of several "American" or "British" standards. If you're writing for an existing publication, inquire with the submission editor for the ...


3

Your first option is, really, Pandoc, which was already mentioned. Its usage is quite straightforward. I've done some converting along these lines myself, and it's brilliant. It's included in Debian repositories, so I'd think acquiring an installation wouldn't be a problem. You indeed want to convert to HTML first: pandoc OdtFile.odt -o HtmlFile.html and ...


3

"Muzak" is also called elevator music. It is characterized by soft, usually slowed, instrumental versions of songs that are typically played in department stores, as hold music, or (per the name) in elevators. They are meant to be soothing and unobtrusive background sounds to avoid what could be uncomfortable silence. It is so named because the company most ...


2

I'm a big fan of cheating (and I hate Word). Make each section a separate document. Start page numbering at whatever number in whatever format you need. If you need to create a TOC, use a working document to calculate it — figure out what your page numbers are by changing the numbering scheme of the entire document and printing out the result, then ...


2

To my knowledge the answer to this is no. Unless you are using a stock format provided with Word out of the box there really isn't an easy way to set up a custom format. (The pre-built templates/styles are also apparently developed by grade school kids making holiday cards for their parents...cute but not useful in any sort of professional or educational ...


2

Unless you already have a completed manuscript, you are putting the cart before the horse. If you intend to use an agent, you'll need to see what that agent requires, which is usually a query--outline, sample chapter, synopsis, and so on. Most agents (and publishers) no longer need or want the manuscript in paper format. Each has differing requirements ...


2

Divide your document into sections, with a section break where you want to change the number formatting. Switch off the 'link to previous' option for each section. Set up the page numbering for each section. A blank page at the end of a section is counted by default.


2

Common typefaces include Minion, Adobe Garamond, Caslon, and Palatino. The typeface can depend on what type of book (fiction? nonfiction? kids' picture book?), and what type of text (body, chapter title, title, subhead, etc. etc.). A calligraphy-style typeface might be acceptable for a title or heading, but it'd most likely be hard to read with body text. ...


2

In the books I read (mostly SF & F and YA) the thoughts are given in direct speech but not marked up. Here are the first six books I randomly pulled from my book shelf: Robert Charles Wilson, Bios "Even so. It's different, isn't it, when the landscape is alive under you?"Alive, Zoe thought. Yes, that was the difference. Kim Stanley Robinson, The ...


2

This is a matter of style and totally up to you. In most cases (period, comma) people will not see the difference. For exclamation marks and question marks it is more obvious. For me it looks better when these marks are italicized: Do you really want to eat this? On the other hand, I would never make them bold or include them into the link formatting. ...


2

Why should the format of movie scripts from different movie making traditions be the same?!? Here is a typical Italian two column movie script: http://www.cinetecadibologna.it/imageserver/lightboxenlarge/files/biblioteca/sceneggiature/donati/photogallery/la%20grande%20caccia.jpg


2

You have several different options here, depending on what effect you're trying to achieve. Chat room dialogue is a little tough to work with, because it's pure dialogue, with no emotion or action or simple visibility. Oftentimes, it's enough to say something like, "Roy chatted with Samantha. 'OMG my mom's addicted to FOX news like you wouldn't ...


2

All caps is for shouting. Small caps could be used as a stylistic device at the beginning of a chapter to look nice, but beyond that I'm struggling to think of where they'd be appropriate. Maybe to quote a poster? For the T-shirt example, if the text on the shirt itself is not in all caps, I'd italicize it (or put it in quotes).


2

Small caps can become a temporary convention for something distinct but similar to normal communication. In the same way that ALL CAPS has become symbolic of shouting, other character formatting can be used to imply meaning. In many alternative fiction works, italics is used consistently to symbolize non-verbal telepathic communication. In these cases, ...


1

According to page two of this guide, it is acceptable to put the references at the end. Using my previous example. Mrs. Miller lives a lonely life, having “no friends to speak of” , “narrow” interests and rarely travelling “farther than the corner grocery” (Capote 2).


1

Most publishers use InDesign for the text block and Photoshop for the cover, and there are a variety of these files stored on the relevant staff members' computers. The closest you get to the "master copy" would be the most recent version of the work provided by the writer that has been through the editing process and contains the most up-to-date edits ...



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