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If the reader is firmly in the character's POV, and expects to remain firmly in the character's POV, this is jarring and can throw the reader right out of the story. If the reader is firmly in an omniscient, opinionated narrator's POV, and is prepared to dip in and out of characters' heads, this works just fine. For this to work, you have to prep the ...


It sounds like you're sick of the 'nut graf'. Broadly speaking, it's a paragraph explaining why the topic is worthwhile. Writers are often trained to use it. It answers the question 'Why should anyone care about this article?' That's potentially useful for a reader who happens on the article while browsing. But in your case, you're specifically hunting for ...


I've noticed that too. I'm certain it's because the first paragraph becomes the excerpt in Facebook (or LinkedIn or wherever). And because there's no useful information in the excerpt you're forced to click through to see the rest of the article. It's all about the clicks. All about the money.


Simply put: An abstract is what you did and what you found. The background is why you did it.


First, stay away from expressions like "in my opinion." It's your essay; this is understood, increases word count, and takes time if the essay is in an exam situation. Second, this is a topic with a GREAT DEAL of social science research. If you have an unlimited time frame, this is the sort of thing you can at least get as far as Wikipedia. Some of the data ...


A good essay is supposed to offer new perspectives and clear argumentation. You are expected to demonstrate clarity of thought and the ability to think "outside of the box". With these in mind, I wouldn't be preoccupied about sticking to either/or limits; rather the contrary. Perhaps a good strategy for your argument would be to create a differentiation ...

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