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7

Format it the same way, with blockquote indents, and if you can add a little dialogue before and after, you don't have to worry about weird quote mark placement. Bilbo stood and cleared his throat. "I have a new poem for you all," he announced. "It goes thus:     All that is gold does not glitter,     Not all ...


4

"Private" doesn't mean just one recipient; it just means "not public". When you throw a by-invitation party in your home it's a private affair even if there are 50 people there. Email is the same way. The bigger problem here is that the person you're citing didn't write directly to you. So if you cite "Harry Q. Bovik, private communication" and somebody ...


4

The only way to avoid confusion is to put your comment outside the quote: According to the commentary the Buddha was pointing to himself when he said, "Here, Rahula, some monks live in the forest."


4

You're using inspiration from a real-life character in a fictitious world, which has been done by every writer ever. Utilizing a mindset you notice in real life in your work isn't plagiarism any more than setting your story in a location that actually exists. Of course, that doesn't mean you should copy the guy's words verbatim from the previous article, ...


3

Brackets should be used rarely and should be used only when ESSENTIAL extraneous information is necessary for reader understanding or as a necessary grammatical feature at the beginning of a quote. This is because the reader loses focus. I never finished reading your sentence my first two times through.. I would simply remove your brackets in this case. ...


2

Nursery rhymes should be formatted the same as any other poems. As a block quote, each line of poem is set on its own line, matching the formatting of the original as much as possible. (This includes indents at the start of each line, as in George Herbert's "The Altar".) No quotation marks are used. Except for the quotation marks, the example in the ...


2

Various style guides have recommendations for citing indirect sources. However it's important to keep in mind that your works cited page is a list of sources you personally have used during your research. Since that's the case, it's recommended (generally) that you don't use indirect sources, but that if you do chose to use indirect sources, you let the ...


2

First of all, you may have to remove the dash before the word "Wind" in your second entry. As for the in-text citation, the first one will be cited as ("Alternative Energy," Discover) and the second as ("Alternative Energy," Wind). This issue has been addressed in MLA 7th edition, section 6.4.4 (Page number in my edition is 223).


2

According to Blakesley & Hoogeveen's Writing: A Manual for the Digital Age, you should write "Work Cited" if there's only one source.


2

The actual page number. Your pdf has been made from another publication. Somebody may have access to the original. They want the actual page number. Also, another pdf made from the same publication may have different page numbers.


2

Poet e e cummings and singer k.d. lang are both referenced in all lowercase letters. Singer Prince famously went by an unpronounceable symbol for a few years (which many wrote as The Artist Formerly Known As Prince, or TAFKAP). Many artists go by one name: singers Adele, Cher, Madonna; cartoonist Herblock; French writer Molière; British writer Saki. If you ...


2

Plagiarism is an academic violation that applies to scholarly papers. It doesn't apply to works of fiction. The whole point of a scholarly paper is that you're presenting something that you claim is a new and original idea or discovery. If you copied it from someone else, then your paper is a fraud. Of course you may use ideas from others and build on them,...


2

A citation is a pointer to a source. While a URL is technically that, when universities say "citation" they mean something following a formal citation format. A citation typically includes an author, the title of the work, a publisher, and the date of publication. A URL, on the other hand, contains none of that, and if it turns into a dead link later, the ...


2

Your second option is one I have seen frequently. As an example of its use, have a look at page 19 of http://arxiv.org/abs/1501.07274, just above their equation (2.3), where they use that format of citation for a formula. (Never forget, though, that citation style is usually dictated by the journal you are submitting to. Be certain to check their ...


1

The reference is abbreviated to the minimum required to clarify the source. For example, the work first referenced as: 7 Jane Doe, "Infinitely Anonymous," Every Knows My Name, 2nd ed., I Am Jane Doe (New York: Jane Doe Publishing, 2016) 42-43 on the second and subsequent reference would become either: 8 Doe 45 (if you use only one book by that author, or)...


1

For research, refer to AMA Style. If it's not your words, idea or IP - attribute! Looks like you are doing ok so far.


1

The CHICAGO MANUAL OF STYLE recommends excluding them except in situations where it is legally required (e g., paid, competitive advertising or if you work for the company).


1

If this is a homework assignment, I think your best bet is to find out what your professor/teacher/boss wants and do that, regardless of what any APA style guide tells you. The best actual style guide answer I can give is "if you are in doubt about whether to cite a source, cite it" and "if you go more than a paragraph without citing ... make sure you have ...


1

No, no one expects you to cite sources in casual conversation. Nor are you expected to give citations in other casual communications, like a text message or a brief email to a friend. The only time you need to cite sources is in scholarly writing. It may be considered appropriate in other published writing or media. Perhaps it would be helpful if I point ...


1

I assume you mean when you put quotes in writing (otherwise this is such a waste of my time). The rules are different for fiction and nonfiction. The short answer for fiction is no, you don't need to cite, but with nonfiction you do--whether two words or two thousand. Copyright issues are complicated, but fortunately, that's why publishers have lawyers. The ...


1

The actual document's title is: COMPTES RENDUS DES SÉANCES DE LA TREIZIÈME CONFERENCE GENERALE DES POIDS ET Officially the 13th Conference took place over both years. The actual paper's publication date is actually in May 1969. That's why they cite it as: Comptes Rendus de la 13e CGPM (1967/68), 1969, p.105 on http://www.bipm.org/en/CGPM/db/13/7/


1

Wouldn't that be considered a citation just like any other? There shouldn't be a distinction between the 'genre' of work. The basic purpose of citations is to ensure appropriate representation of your own original thoughts and words vs the work of others. APA: Single Author https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/06/ APA: Books https://owl.english....


1

Son of Citation machine is a very handy website: http://www.citationmachine.net/apa/cite-a-website You could try staring with auto-fill mode or do a manual entry and it will generate the appropriate citation for you. Also - this is useful for reference: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/10/ http://blog.apastyle.org/files/how-to-cite-...


1

While this is, indeed, an endnote as noted by others, the part in parenthesis IS a citation. It seems to follow Chicago's endnote style: (City: Publisher, Year.) It's not pure Chicago because it doesn't include the author's name and book title in the standard format, but to me it looks like it was influenced by Chicago's style, adapted for use in the ...


1

I haven't tested this (which would require registering with them and obtaining an ID), but CrossRef provides a web service that appears to do what you need. From the documentation: Crossref query: https://doi.crossref.org/servlet/query?pid=username:password&id=10.1006/jmbi.2000.4282 Like metadata queries, DOI query results are returned in ...


1

Wikipedia offers citation tools that generate citations from DOIs. You might see how those tools work, and whether you can use them outside Wikipedia.


1

Who is the author? Find out who wrote the FAQ. You could always contact the Human Genome Project, and I'm sure they'd love to help. If not, it is not considered bad to cite a company instead of a name. What Should the Title of the Citation Be? Citation formatting requests you use the FAQ as your citation title, though you can put the certain subsection ...



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