Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

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11
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4answers
30k views

Citation in AP style journalism

I'm writing feature articles and trying to adhere to AP style, but I'm not sure how to attribute a source. I'm familiar with academic citation (APA, MLA), but have never done this in journalism. ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Citing parts of a thesis or dissertation using IEEE referencing

I truly hope I'm not asking this question in the wrong place. I've found myself extensively referencing parts of theses and dissertations for my own research paper. [The IEEE editorial style ...
9
votes
5answers
521 views

What's “fair use” for borrowing someone else's invented term?

Let's say I'm writing a sci-fi novel. I want to use a word which another writer has coined, which has become well-recognized outside the original book, for the name of an alien species in my story. I ...
8
votes
2answers
119 views

Should DOIs ever be preferred to ISBNs?

Any ISBN yields a DOI. For example, the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed. has ISBN 978-0-226-10420-1, which maps to doi:10.978.226/104201, allowing any book to be digitally identified in a reference ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I quote a graphic novel?

I am writing a paper for a Canadian Literature class, and want to quote portions of one of the graphic novels we studied. Do I quote the written portions as I would any other written work? I am using ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Citing Myself As a Source

I'm writing an academic paper on ethics in robotics. I have a previous paper that I wrote and would like to use material from it. If I use the material from this paper, that I wrote, do I need to ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Link shorteners for research paper citations?

I'm curious about the "properness" of using shortened links (a la bit.ly or tinyurl) in research papers. I haven't been able to find any sort of definitive reference about whether or not this is ...
7
votes
2answers
210 views

What is the key reference documentation and how should I cite BASH?

I originally posted this question at SO, but two users there suggested that I take it here. I am writing a scientific research paper, and I want to know if it is appropriate to cite bash, and if so, ...
6
votes
3answers
22k views

How to cite an entire paragraph?

How to cite an entire paragraph taken from a book? Is it just writing the paragraph as a separate one and adding (Author, Year) in the end? Will it not imply that only the last sentence in the ...
6
votes
3answers
198 views

What is the proper format/style for using and properly citing code in an APA paper?

I'm working on a paper that covers concurrency in Java, however to properly explain many concepts I feel code samples are basically needed. However, I don't know how to properly cite code I've ...
5
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2answers
1k views

How to convert DOI to citation information

The DOI website will redirect to the article webpage on the journal official website. Is there is a public automated system to translate DOI to citation information? This can be beneficial for ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

How to cite the C# Language Specification Version 5.0

I'm currently working on my thesis and need to cite a specific section of the C# Language Specification Version 5.0. The specification is available here, but I can't find the authors and the ...
4
votes
3answers
254 views

How often to cite sources?

I'm writing a 3700-word essay, consisting of two case studies and some explanatory material. I'll be referencing a number of documents as sources for the case studies. There will be a full list of ...
4
votes
4answers
111 views

How would a source be referenced in the typical paper/book?

Let's say I have at my disposal some kind of searchable content with all the references from many books and papers. How would a source reference would be typically written/formatted? Is it dependent ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Referencing a website using Harvard style

How can I reference a website using the Harvard style? How would this be different if no author was listed?
4
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2answers
86 views

Knowing When To Cite?

In my essay (specifically a recount essay of a moment in the past), my objective is to end with the discussion of Death as a being (because my recounted moment will be related to death). I'd like to ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Multiple MLA inline citation question

I'm familiar with the basic rules on inline citation, however, recently I've stumbled onto this problem numerous times so I thought I would ask. When using MLA style inline citations, is it legal to ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

Punctuation-Quote or Quote-Punctuation?

I'm writing a document using the Chicago Manual of Syle. I have not access to the full guide, only to what's provided on-line. Now I wondering as to whether, in the main text itself, I should use the ...
4
votes
1answer
347 views

How are citations formatted in serious non-fiction (proposals)?

Just to be clear, I'm not talking about scholarly work of the sort that might be published by a university press. I'm talking about work by people like Goodwin, McCullough, or Larson. These kinds of ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

tinyURL seen as risky by readers?

I see tinyURL recommended for news or magazine-style writing where AP style prevails--but then I see online warnings that clicking a tinyURL may take readers to sites they do not (at all) want to ...
3
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3answers
201 views

Writing a bibliography

In the formats I've seen for writing a bibliography, the author is always put first, and then the title. Are there some bibliographies where the title is put before the author?
3
votes
1answer
37 views

How to add difficult Web Citation?

I am writing an article and needs to be heavily cited. My statement is: Jinisys Software Inc is a partner of Cisco. Problem: Cisco website does not have a static list of partners, and instead ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

Is Patent text copyrighted?

When using text from articles published in journals and magazine, we need to obtain copyright permission from the copyright owner (publisher or author). I wonder if we need copyright permission when ...
3
votes
2answers
88 views

What is the best way to cite an anonymous writer?

When writing papers I sometimes discover texts online which are published without any kind of name attached. Often times these individuals want to be anonymous or simply do not reference themselves in ...
3
votes
1answer
532 views

how to reference facsimile (Turabian style guidelines)

I have a book that says on the copyright page: Wipf and Stock Publishers . . . Publication date: 2/23/1999 Previously published by Hunt & Eaton, 1890 It appears to be a facsimile ...
3
votes
2answers
168 views

Using ACM style, how do I cite an article without a specific author's name?

I'm using Mendeley, and trying to cite this article using ACM citation style: Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus American Diabetes Association Should the author be "N/A" or ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Citing in a Magazine Article

I write a ton of magazine articles online. My editor tells me you do not need a works cited as you do in academic work. I am wondering what kind of citing you do need and what I should be doing for ...
3
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1answer
94 views

how to cite a dubbed TV series? APA 6th edition

I'm quoting lines from a dubbed TV series and I'm not sure how to reference it? I have looked everywhere and I only found how would you cite an original version. Help please :)
3
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1answer
116 views

Indirect source quotations [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Citing speech and interviews in biographies How do you quote an indirect source (source quoted in another source) when there are explanatory words within the indirect ...
2
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2answers
7k views

MLA format for a book summary

I am to write a book "review" as an assignment, but really it's just a book summary. Our professor wants us to use the MLA format in this book review. Of course, the format includes rules on how to do ...
2
votes
3answers
34 views

How do I cite or give credit to a statistic on a website?

I'm not even sure if I need to since I often see statistics on website and blog posts without a source. Do I need to? And how should I do it? From what I've seen when the source is mentioned, people ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

How do I claim the number of scholarly articles on a niche subject is relatively small without listing every single one of those citations?

I have a sentence in my literature review that goes something like this: ... has only been thoroughly evaluated by a relatively small number of experts in the xx literature (author1992; author1994; ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

How do I cite well known historical works?

If I'm writing a paper that uses well known historical sources, how would I cite them? Specifically, I'm referring to the United States Constitution and a speech delivered by Frederick Douglass. ...
2
votes
2answers
254 views

How to cite two volumes in one (Turabian)

How do I cite a (reprinted) multivolume work in one volume, Turabian style? The way I see it, I have two options: Fairbairn, Patrick. Typology of Scripture. [4th ed.?] 2 vols. New York: Funk & ...
2
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1answer
2k views

APA (sixth edition) citation for the Fourth Assessment Report

I'm trying to cite a source from the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_and_data_reports.shtml I'm fairly new to APA in general and I'm struggling to ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Correct usage/explanation of ibid in referencing

My girlfriend was advised to use Ibid in her assignment's citations to help reduce the word count (I pointed out that references are usually not part of the count, but regardless); but she couldn't ...
2
votes
1answer
529 views

In-Text Citations: Author-Date v.s. [Number]?

I was reading a guidance of the APA style and I am now confused with the in-text citation part. According to what I have read, When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to reference data files, APA-style?

I'm preparing an assignment which requires two MS Project files to be submitted, containing WBS/GANTT charts for a fictional project, and a textual explanation of what I did and why, which. (All the ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Is there a way to improve Endnote record consistency?

I am required to use Endnote to manage citations. When I find an article, I am expected to create an Endnote record for it, and we have some internal guidelines as to which fields we consider ...
2
votes
1answer
643 views

Vancouver system, citing multiple sentences from the same book

I've written a few paragraphs and in them I cited three short sentences from the same book, same chapter and marked them as ...(1)...(2)...(3).... My endnotes now look like this: (1) Author1, ..., ...
2
votes
1answer
255 views

Vancouver citation

I just want to confirm if I did this correct. I have this reference: G. Burg, Das Melanom, Serie Gesundheit: Piper/VCH, (1993). And, want to convert it to vancouver style. In this case, this ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

Inline Citations when Critiquing a Single Source (APA)

I am writing an essay which is entirely a response to a single source. I mention the source in my introduction paragraph, and I give a full reference at the end. Is it also required that I include ...
2
votes
1answer
724 views

How to quote something twice

If I use a quote and then want to explicitly refer to a small part of that quote again, within the same paragraph, do I need to use quotation marks again? Can I use italics instead? I am writing in ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

Using abbreviations after in-text citations

I am writing an academic paper, specifically a Position Paper, using APA. According to the Purdue OWL webpage, to cite an organisation: "First citation: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000) ...
2
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0answers
27 views

How do I cite a standalone quote at the beginning of a doctoral thesis?

The book which the quote is from is also being cited throughout the thesis, so naturally it is included in the bibliography. What should the citation look like? Should it be consistent with the ...
2
votes
2answers
723 views

how to cite CD-ROM resources (Turabian)

I have the PC Study Bible, which is a collection of resources (Bible versions, commentaries, &c.) bundled together and accessed via a special software program. How do I cite one of the resources ...
1
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3answers
417 views

Do I need to write a bibliography?

I made a program and wrote a paper on how it works. I do not quote anything, I just talk about my program. Do I still need to write a bibliography?
1
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4answers
130 views

Scientific Citation

Is there a standard for the fields which are required to be included for a reference in scientific journal/conference papers? For instance BibTeX has a lot of fields for an @article entry, but which ...
1
vote
3answers
9k views

Citing multiple quotes from a single novel

I'm writing a analytical essay (for school) about a novel. I need to cite some quotes (for support), that comes from that novel. I know that the MLA style citation goes as follows: "Quote goes here" ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Order of references

Suppose I have the following references to literature: Miller, H. (1999): … Referred to as: Miller (1999) Miller, F., & Smith, J. (2002): … Referred to as: ...