Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

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Report writing: should I use ® © symbols?

I am busy writing a report for university. For this, I did some programming in MATLAB and simulations in Aspen Plus and HYSYS. When referring to these software in the report, should I symbols such ...
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25 views

Customising book titles in references/sources

Some book use lower case titles while others use upper and lower case. Should I stick to authors choice or customise upper and lower case (as per correct usage of caps in titles). When re checking ...
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29 views

How do I cite an unnamed lecture that took place somewhere in Dade County and was published on YouTube?

I'm trying to cite the following lecture: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ltDZWQKNrCA There's a name for the lecturer, but not a name for the lecture. Not even a location (except somewhere in the ...
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26 views

MLA parenthetical citation of a character in a novel

If I am writing my essay on only one novel, and I have made it clear in the previous sentence that the quote is from a character in said novel, do I still have to include the authors name in the ...
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501 views

How To Cite Francis Bacon's Of Simulation and Dissimulation Essay

I have to write a paper that defines the word "simulation". As part of my paper, for historical reasons I've decided to use a quote from Francis Bacon's Essay Of Simulation and Dissimulation. The ...
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34 views

Using the same quotation a second time

I'm writing an essay in CMS style. I have a quotation I use in the beginning of the essay that I cite. I reference part of the quote later in quotation marks. Do I need a citation the second time?
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184 views

How to cite (APA style) a whole chapter about a product?

I'm currently writing my thesis and one chapter is about a software product. The chapter contains three paragraphs with general information about the product that I collected from the product ...
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1answer
35 views

Publisher of foreign-language citation - do I translate “Gobierno de” to “Government of”?

The publication is in English. Gobierno de Perú. Ministerio de Agricultura. 2012. Plan estratégico sectorial multiannual 2012-2016. Lima. or should that be: Government of Peru. Ministry of ...
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45 views

Is it okay to create a remote bibliography or works cited page?

I'm currently designing a print flyer and I'm using quite a few statistics and a few quotes. Since space is at a minimum, and citing each individual statistic would require several lines of unsightly ...
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46 views

Location of cites using APA style format

If I write need to site a paragraph in APA style format, for example: The quick brown fox jumped over the hill. Do you put the citation in front of the sentence, at the end or at the bottom of the ...
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709 views

APA citation style - capitalization of titles

I'm writing a paper, supposedly using APA citation style, and I've encountered the following conflict. On the one hand, the title of the work I cite is cited in all small letters, and only the first ...
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1answer
3k views

Citing foreign language sources (Swedish) in MLA7 bibliography?

I'm unsure of whether or not I should cite a foreign language source (Swedish), with the original (Swedish) title, or use a translated English language title. The paper is for university-level ...
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705 views

Citing the same source several times

I have two pages that I would like to cite/reference in a paper. Both pages are located on the Microsoft website (and both represent specifications of document formats). The problem is that there are ...
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62 views

Numeral Citation Scripts

I am writing a report in Farsi and using ieeetr bibliography style for my references. This style uses numeral references like [1] [2] etc but regarding context (Farsi) I am using Arabic number scripts ...
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1answer
1k views

Quoting a song in an essay title

I want to use a song lyric as a portion of my title for an essay. Obviously, I have to cite that those words are not my own, but how would I go about doing that? Do I use parenthetical documentation ...
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1answer
28 views

Using a slash in citations

I am currently reading Dr. Alia Al-Saji's paper on Racialized Time titled "Too Late: Racialized Time and the Closure of the Past". http://philpapers.org/archive/ALSTLR.pdf Throughout the text, she ...
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Adding figures into a report, How to cite?

I am writing my first ever thesis these days. In order to describe a feature extraction methodology, I am going to insert a figure to my thesis and that figure is taken from the original paper in ...
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2answers
19 views

Which year to cite reference as?

In a nonfiction snippet I'm writing about metrology, specifically the term micron being used in reference to the unit multiple micrometre (AmE: micrometer) I need to cite Resolution 7 of the 13th ...
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37 views

Tool to batch convert DOI to citations?

I'm looking for an (online) tool to convert a long list of DOI's (1000+) into citation information. There are several tools that let you enter one DOI at a time, such as doi2bib or Crossref but those ...
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70 views

Citing an article with multiple authors in APA style

I have been trying to go through Mayfield Book on Technical Writing to find out how to do an in-text and parenthetical citation of a source that I found online. The source is an article from a popular ...
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1answer
110 views

How to cite information from the Human Genome Project (website)?

I want to cite some information from the Human Genome Project FAQ regarding the cost of the project (see the "How much did the Human Genome Project cost U.S. taxpayers?" header), however I'm unsure of ...
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2answers
105 views

Is an MLA citation needed for a broad description of a poem's theme?

I'm trying to figure out whether I need to cite these poems or not. “Out, Out—” has its morbid description of a young boy bleeding out and its underlying theme of death. “Nothing Gold Can Stay” ...
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309 views

When writing a formal report should citations be used in the glossary?

First of all hi everyone :-) In a formal report should the words and phrases defined in the glossary contain citations? Some of the phrases, that are going to be in the glossary, I know so well I ...
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486 views

Referencing a website in-text using Harvard style

I have the following website page that I need to reference using Harvard style: http://www.ucsusa.org/food_and_agriculture/science_and_impacts/science/what-is-genetic-engineering.html Is this a ...
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2answers
106 views

Where can I find information about how to cite a web address using MLA?

Say I was trying to cite this question and properly format my works cited section using MLA. Where would I look to find information on how to format it?
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59 views

How to properly cite a source in your footnotes?

I notice in some of the books I read that the author sometimes leaves explanatory notes that refer the reader to a book but the note is not written in a citation style. Do footnotes and endnotes have ...
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66 views

Who do I cite as my source?

When you have multiple sources for information like a quote, which source do you use in your book or essay. The one you may have gotten from an authors work about what a particular individual said or ...
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31 views

If you publish something, do people have to cite you by your surname?

If an author strongly wished to be referred to in other works by his or her given name, is there a way that the convention of referencing an author by last name could be broken?
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60 views

Do I need to cite quotes when conversing casually with friends?

If I'm speaking casually with a friend and quote something I heard, do I need to cite the source of that quote/saying? Ex. "After all, we're no strangers to love." "Well, when in Rome..." Does this ...
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1answer
104 views

Quoting a Nursery Rhyme

I'd like to quote a nursery rhyme at the beginning of my chapter, but I'm not sure the proper formatting for this. I've seen a lot of authors quote passages from books, songs, and various other ...
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2answers
52 views

Can you use et al. in a Bibliography?

In the text, I have, e.g. "...a major role to play in role-playing (Smith et al., 1990)." But can I use the same abbreviation in the bibliography? Smith, K. et al. 1990. Playing major roles ...
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38 views

How to cite a report in APA style

I have been trying to go through Mayfield Book on Technical Writing to find out how to do an in-text and parenthetical citation of a source that I found online. The source looks like a report with ...
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1answer
85 views

in text citation for handbook

I want to do in text citation of my "DK Handbook", In other words, I don't want put it's citation in 'work cited' section as it would be short and so obvious I searched internet and MLA handbook but ...
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47 views

Can you cite an article to your bibliography? If yes, what is the format?

I have written a 60 page essay. However most of my references are articles. How can I include this in the bibliography?
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17 views

How to correctly cite?

I'm currently writing a thesis and for one section the sources are only 3 papers. Some paragraphes are only about one paper. Sometimes it is also mixed, i.e. first sentence references to paper 1, ...
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31 views

How to cite this document in APA style of citation

There is an online PDF document. It is issued by the Central Department of Statistics & Information (Saudi Arabia). The title of the document (42 pages long) is: Hajj Statistics. Year of ...
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26 views

APA Citation Page - problems with issue number and journal names

I have written out a APA citation page. I will attach a link to the page below. I have been told that there is an issue with the way my journal names have been presented and also one issue with one of ...
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50 views

How to cite a letter in an anthology?

Does anyone know the proper way to cite a private letter printed in an anthology? For example, I need to cite the letters from Queen Victoria to her daughter, Princess Fredrick William. I have a basic ...
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33 views

Cite Multiple sources Chicago manual style

I have cited the same source multiple times on one page of my essay. In my footnotes do I have to list the source each time, or is there a technique to list footnote numbers before the source like "1, ...
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3answers
288 views

Citing authors already cited in a paper

I am writing my undergraduate thesis paper on a topic in which a lot of work has been done. So, it is important to maintain the flow of progress of my subject of interest through out the years. As, a ...
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67 views

Cite the article title (from a book or website) in the text

How do I cite both the author and article title of a website or book in the text? Here is an example reference: Smith, A. (2012). How to cite an article title. Available: ...
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131 views

APA Citation Single Source

If you read an article then write a paragraph based on what you learned, do you cite the article at the end of the paragraph? Or do you have to cite after each time you mention something that isn't ...
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48 views

How do I implement a scholarly citation style in an online format?

I am part of a group starting an online, submissions-based journal of critical writing specific to my field. As the writing will be academic, we will need a formal citation process. We have decided to ...