Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

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1answer
6k views

How do I quote a graphic novel?

I am writing a paper for a Canadian Literature class, and want to quote portions of one of the graphic novels we studied. Do I quote the written portions as I would any other written work? I am using ...
0
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1answer
47 views

Can you cite an article to your bibliography? If yes, what is the format?

I have written a 60 page essay. However most of my references are articles. How can I include this in the bibliography?
2
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2answers
187 views

Using abbreviations after in-text citations

I am writing an academic paper, specifically a Position Paper, using APA. According to the Purdue OWL webpage, to cite an organisation: "First citation: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000) ...
2
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2answers
147 views

Stick to in-text citation or use a mixture of both parenthetical and in-text?

I'm currently writing an academic paper for a school assignment, specifically a short Position Paper with 500 word limit. I have chosen to use APA for my citations. I am wondering if that it is ...
1
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1answer
724 views

APA citation style - capitalization of titles

I'm writing a paper, supposedly using APA citation style, and I've encountered the following conflict. On the one hand, the title of the work I cite is cited in all small letters, and only the first ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Citing foreign language sources (Swedish) in MLA7 bibliography?

I'm unsure of whether or not I should cite a foreign language source (Swedish), with the original (Swedish) title, or use a translated English language title. The paper is for university-level ...
2
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1answer
914 views

When citing information from a source do I need multiple citations for multiple ideas or sentences

I am doing the works cited part of my paper and am trying to avoid plagiarism. I have used information which is not common knowledge in my paper so I must use citations because i have put it into my ...
4
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2answers
94 views

Knowing When To Cite?

In my essay (specifically a recount essay of a moment in the past), my objective is to end with the discussion of Death as a being (because my recounted moment will be related to death). I'd like to ...
2
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1answer
636 views

In-Text Citations: Author-Date v.s. [Number]?

I was reading a guidance of the APA style and I am now confused with the in-text citation part. According to what I have read, When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text ...
2
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1answer
8k views

How do I cite Google Public Data in my bibliography (APA format)?

I'm writing a paper which uses an APA6-style bibliography. I'm referring to a graph from Google Public Data. What should my in-text citation say, and how should I cite it? I'm not sure if I should ...
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1answer
759 views

Citing the same source several times

I have two pages that I would like to cite/reference in a paper. Both pages are located on the Microsoft website (and both represent specifications of document formats). The problem is that there are ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Citing in a paper: one citation for two paragraphs?

I'm writing a short paper on macroeconomics; the professor gave us two tries, I submitted the first try, and now got my feedback. The feedback is: "The first paragraph could also deserve a reference"....
0
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1answer
68 views

Cite the article title (from a book or website) in the text

How do I cite both the author and article title of a website or book in the text? Here is an example reference: Smith, A. (2012). How to cite an article title. Available: http://writers.stackexchange....
3
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1answer
160 views

Is Patent text copyrighted?

When using text from articles published in journals and magazine, we need to obtain copyright permission from the copyright owner (publisher or author). I wonder if we need copyright permission when ...
2
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2answers
1k views

how to cite CD-ROM resources (Turabian)

I have the PC Study Bible, which is a collection of resources (Bible versions, commentaries, &c.) bundled together and accessed via a special software program. How do I cite one of the resources ...
6
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2answers
2k views

How to convert DOI to citation information

The DOI website will redirect to the article webpage on the journal official website. Is there is a public automated system to translate DOI to citation information? This can be beneficial for ...
7
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1answer
5k views

Citing Myself As a Source

I'm writing an academic paper on ethics in robotics. I have a previous paper that I wrote and would like to use material from it. If I use the material from this paper, that I wrote, do I need to ...
3
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1answer
123 views

Indirect source quotations [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Citing speech and interviews in biographies How do you quote an indirect source (source quoted in another source) when there are explanatory words within the indirect ...
2
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2answers
472 views

How to cite two volumes in one (Turabian)

How do I cite a (reprinted) multivolume work in one volume, Turabian style? The way I see it, I have two options: Fairbairn, Patrick. Typology of Scripture. [4th ed.?] 2 vols. New York: Funk & ...
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1answer
63 views

Numeral Citation Scripts

I am writing a report in Farsi and using ieeetr bibliography style for my references. This style uses numeral references like [1] [2] etc but regarding context (Farsi) I am using Arabic number scripts ...
4
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2answers
56 views

citation for source from which a list of references was drawn?

I'm writing a paper in which I have reviewed a list of reports and have summarized data from each. I have cited each of those original reports. However, I originally located some of those reports ...
0
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2answers
110 views

Where can I find information about how to cite a web address using MLA?

Say I was trying to cite this question and properly format my works cited section using MLA. Where would I look to find information on how to format it?
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4answers
142 views

Scientific Citation

Is there a standard for the fields which are required to be included for a reference in scientific journal/conference papers? For instance BibTeX has a lot of fields for an @article entry, but which ...
2
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1answer
3k views

APA (sixth edition) citation for the Fourth Assessment Report

I'm trying to cite a source from the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_and_data_reports.shtml I'm fairly new to APA in general and I'm struggling to ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Correct usage/explanation of ibid in referencing

My girlfriend was advised to use Ibid in her assignment's citations to help reduce the word count (I pointed out that references are usually not part of the count, but regardless); but she couldn't ...
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1answer
1k views

Quoting a song in an essay title

I want to use a song lyric as a portion of my title for an essay. Obviously, I have to cite that those words are not my own, but how would I go about doing that? Do I use parenthetical documentation ...
3
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1answer
1k views

how to reference facsimile (Turabian style guidelines)

I have a book that says on the copyright page: Wipf and Stock Publishers . . . Publication date: 2/23/1999 Previously published by Hunt & Eaton, 1890 It appears to be a facsimile ...
2
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1answer
2k views

How to reference data files, APA-style?

I'm preparing an assignment which requires two MS Project files to be submitted, containing WBS/GANTT charts for a fictional project, and a textual explanation of what I did and why, which. (All the ...
9
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5answers
762 views

What's “fair use” for borrowing someone else's invented term?

Let's say I'm writing a sci-fi novel. I want to use a word which another writer has coined, which has become well-recognized outside the original book, for the name of an alien species in my story. I ...
9
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2answers
6k views

When should one use a section sign (§)?

When I asked this on English.SE, the question was closed; it was suggested that I ask on Writers.SE instead. To be clear, I mean the section sign ยง (utf-8: 0xC2 0xA7), which is available via \S in ...
4
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3answers
321 views

How often to cite sources?

I'm writing a 3700-word essay, consisting of two case studies and some explanatory material. I'll be referencing a number of documents as sources for the case studies. There will be a full list of ...
4
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2answers
590 views

Citing speech and interviews in biographies

I am currently writing a biography of a band, and have a question regarding citing quotes, such as from interviews. Is it necessary to cite everything a person (for example a band member or manager) ...
4
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1answer
19k views

Multiple MLA inline citation question

I'm familiar with the basic rules on inline citation, however, recently I've stumbled onto this problem numerous times so I thought I would ask. When using MLA style inline citations, is it legal to ...
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5answers
7k views

Link shorteners for research paper citations?

I'm curious about the "properness" of using shortened links (a la bit.ly or tinyurl) in research papers. I haven't been able to find any sort of definitive reference about whether or not this is ...
6
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1answer
169 views

Punctuation-Quote or Quote-Punctuation?

I'm writing a document using the Chicago Manual of Syle. I have not access to the full guide, only to what's provided on-line. Now I wondering as to whether, in the main text itself, I should use the ...
2
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2answers
70 views

Is there a way to improve Endnote record consistency?

I am required to use Endnote to manage citations. When I find an article, I am expected to create an Endnote record for it, and we have some internal guidelines as to which fields we consider ...
2
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1answer
956 views

Vancouver system, citing multiple sentences from the same book

I've written a few paragraphs and in them I cited three short sentences from the same book, same chapter and marked them as ...(1)...(2)...(3).... My endnotes now look like this: (1) Author1, ..., ...
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1answer
131 views

What is this citation style called?

What is this citation style called: P. Schmid-Saugeon, J. guillod & J.P. Thiran, Towards a Computer-Aided Diagnosis System For Pigmented Skin Lesions, Computerized Medical Imaging and ...
3
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1answer
389 views

Vancouver citation

I just want to confirm if I did this correct. I have this reference: G. Burg, Das Melanom, Serie Gesundheit: Piper/VCH, (1993). And, want to convert it to vancouver style. In this case, this ...
2
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2answers
16k views

MLA format for a book summary

I am to write a book "review" as an assignment, but really it's just a book summary. Our professor wants us to use the MLA format in this book review. Of course, the format includes rules on how to do ...
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1answer
1k views

Citing classics in Bibliography

I need to cite in my paper various "classic" works (Russian writers of the XIX century etc). In the text it is relevant to specify the year of the original novel, for example "Dostoyevsky in his 'The ...
7
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3answers
36k views

How to cite an entire paragraph?

How to cite an entire paragraph taken from a book? Is it just writing the paragraph as a separate one and adding (Author, Year) in the end? Will it not imply that only the last sentence in the ...
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3answers
952 views

Do I need to write a bibliography?

I made a program and wrote a paper on how it works. I do not quote anything, I just talk about my program. Do I still need to write a bibliography?
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3answers
15k views

Citing multiple quotes from a single novel

I'm writing a analytical essay (for school) about a novel. I need to cite some quotes (for support), that comes from that novel. I know that the MLA style citation goes as follows: "Quote goes here" ...
3
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3answers
335 views

Writing a bibliography

In the formats I've seen for writing a bibliography, the author is always put first, and then the title. Are there some bibliographies where the title is put before the author?
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0answers
488 views

Referencing a website in-text using Harvard style

I have the following website page that I need to reference using Harvard style: http://www.ucsusa.org/food_and_agriculture/science_and_impacts/science/what-is-genetic-engineering.html Is this a ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Referencing a website using Harvard style

How can I reference a website using the Harvard style? How would this be different if no author was listed?
12
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4answers
59k views

Citation in AP style journalism

I'm writing feature articles and trying to adhere to AP style, but I'm not sure how to attribute a source. I'm familiar with academic citation (APA, MLA), but have never done this in journalism. What'...
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4answers
116 views

How would a source be referenced in the typical paper/book?

Let's say I have at my disposal some kind of searchable content with all the references from many books and papers. How would a source reference would be typically written/formatted? Is it dependent ...
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2answers
478 views

What is the key reference documentation and how should I cite BASH?

I originally posted this question at SO, but two users there suggested that I take it here. I am writing a scientific research paper, and I want to know if it is appropriate to cite bash, and if so, ...