Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

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3
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2answers
302 views

Standardizing capitalization within a bibliography or footnotes when your sources have used different standards

I’m compiling a bibliography and want to know if I should standardize the capitalization within the titles of the articles. I understand that copying mistakes/typos, etc., is one thing, and usually ...
3
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1answer
123 views

Indirect source quotations [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Citing speech and interviews in biographies How do you quote an indirect source (source quoted in another source) when there are explanatory words within the indirect ...
2
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3answers
96 views

Which citation style do I use if I'm writing a religious book?

Should a self published book on a biblical topic, use MLA or Chicago citation styles? It'll be a persuasive writing on a biblical subject. I want to persuade the reader to my point of view but I know ...
2
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3answers
274 views

How do I cite or give credit to a statistic on a website?

I'm not even sure if I need to since I often see statistics on website and blog posts without a source. Do I need to? And how should I do it? From what I've seen when the source is mentioned, people ...
2
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2answers
14k views

MLA format for a book summary

I am to write a book "review" as an assignment, but really it's just a book summary. Our professor wants us to use the MLA format in this book review. Of course, the format includes rules on how to do ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Citing someone's work, copying and pasting fragment. Is that OK?

I found the original manuscript of a very celebrated English botanist on the internet (in pdf format of course) Here it is: http://sciweb.nybg.org/science2/pdfs/dws/Brownian.pdf The reason is that in ...
2
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2answers
239 views

How do I cite a standalone quote at the beginning of a doctoral thesis?

The book which the quote is from is also being cited throughout the thesis, so naturally it is included in the bibliography. What should the citation look like? Should it be consistent with the ...
2
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2answers
65 views

How do I claim the number of scholarly articles on a niche subject is relatively small without listing every single one of those citations?

I have a sentence in my literature review that goes something like this: ... has only been thoroughly evaluated by a relatively small number of experts in the xx literature (author1992; author1994; ...
2
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2answers
43 views

Should quotation marks for titles of short works be included as part of link text?

In a hypertext document, when the title of a short work (which is enclosed in quotation marks) is a link should the quotation marks be included as part of the link text? Do common style guides ...
2
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1answer
109 views

Using citations in chapter headings?

I noticed in some books I read that under each chapter title, there is a citation, somewhat related to what the chapter in question is about. I was thinking of maybe using the same technique for my ...
2
votes
1answer
198 views

Use of Registered trademark

I'm writing a book on Windows and I need some guidelines. On the cover of the book, as part of the subtitle, may I include Windows® in it? Inside the book, do I have to use the ® every single little ...
2
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1answer
65 views

How do I cite well known historical works?

If I'm writing a paper that uses well known historical sources, how would I cite them? Specifically, I'm referring to the United States Constitution and a speech delivered by Frederick Douglass. ...
2
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1answer
7k views

How do I cite Google Public Data in my bibliography (APA format)?

I'm writing a paper which uses an APA6-style bibliography. I'm referring to a graph from Google Public Data. What should my in-text citation say, and how should I cite it? I'm not sure if I should ...
2
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2answers
432 views

How to cite two volumes in one (Turabian)

How do I cite a (reprinted) multivolume work in one volume, Turabian style? The way I see it, I have two options: Fairbairn, Patrick. Typology of Scripture. [4th ed.?] 2 vols. New York: Funk & ...
2
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1answer
3k views

APA (sixth edition) citation for the Fourth Assessment Report

I'm trying to cite a source from the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_and_data_reports.shtml I'm fairly new to APA in general and I'm struggling to ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Correct usage/explanation of ibid in referencing

My girlfriend was advised to use Ibid in her assignment's citations to help reduce the word count (I pointed out that references are usually not part of the count, but regardless); but she couldn't ...
2
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1answer
754 views

When citing information from a source do I need multiple citations for multiple ideas or sentences

I am doing the works cited part of my paper and am trying to avoid plagiarism. I have used information which is not common knowledge in my paper so I must use citations because i have put it into my ...
2
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1answer
618 views

In-Text Citations: Author-Date v.s. [Number]?

I was reading a guidance of the APA style and I am now confused with the in-text citation part. According to what I have read, When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text ...
2
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1answer
2k views

How to reference data files, APA-style?

I'm preparing an assignment which requires two MS Project files to be submitted, containing WBS/GANTT charts for a fictional project, and a textual explanation of what I did and why, which. (All the ...
2
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2answers
69 views

Is there a way to improve Endnote record consistency?

I am required to use Endnote to manage citations. When I find an article, I am expected to create an Endnote record for it, and we have some internal guidelines as to which fields we consider ...
2
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1answer
885 views

Vancouver system, citing multiple sentences from the same book

I've written a few paragraphs and in them I cited three short sentences from the same book, same chapter and marked them as ...(1)...(2)...(3).... My endnotes now look like this: (1) Author1, ..., ...
2
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1answer
114 views

Issue in citing legal cases, APA

I'm specifically trying to cite two documents under United States v. 434 Main Street, Tewksbury, Massachusetts. Namely, this and this. The second is the actual ruling, but the first is a pertinent ...
2
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1answer
36 views

APA Citation on online documentation

I am referencing the MySQL documentation in a paper. Would it be appropriate to reference it in its entirety, or should I create a citation for each page I use since it's very large?
2
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1answer
32 views

MLA: citing indirect sources w/o quoting

I am working on a paper. In this paper, I'm talking about how poverty affects African-Americans. I found this great article in which the author talks about poverty and how it is related to mental ...
2
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1answer
47 views

What's the proper way to cite multiple interviews across a paper in Chicago Style?

My friend is writing a paper in Chicago style and she is citing multiple interviews. The citations keep switching back and forth between different interviewees. What's the correct way to cite them? ...
2
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3answers
74 views

Quote a sentence with references

I'm currently writing my bachelor's thesis and I'm using the IEEE citations. Now lets say I want to directly quote the following sentence: The barn was on fire1 so I ran away. with something ...
2
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1answer
600 views

APA article critique reference page

When using multiple sources to critique an article in APA, do I need to cite the article being critiqued separately from my other references used for the critique in the reference list or do I just ...
2
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2answers
215 views

Inline Citations when Critiquing a Single Source (APA)

I am writing an essay which is entirely a response to a single source. I mention the source in my introduction paragraph, and I give a full reference at the end. Is it also required that I include ...
2
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1answer
1k views

How to cite a Terms of Service in APA style

I need to cite a Google condition using APA style. I have the following paragraph, but when I pass it through Viper I get plagiarized. How shall I do?
2
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1answer
2k views

How to quote something twice

If I use a quote and then want to explicitly refer to a small part of that quote again, within the same paragraph, do I need to use quotation marks again? Can I use italics instead? I am writing in ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

Using abbreviations after in-text citations

I am writing an academic paper, specifically a Position Paper, using APA. According to the Purdue OWL webpage, to cite an organisation: "First citation: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000) ...
2
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2answers
131 views

Stick to in-text citation or use a mixture of both parenthetical and in-text?

I'm currently writing an academic paper for a school assignment, specifically a short Position Paper with 500 word limit. I have chosen to use APA for my citations. I am wondering if that it is ...
2
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2answers
1k views

how to cite CD-ROM resources (Turabian)

I have the PC Study Bible, which is a collection of resources (Bible versions, commentaries, &c.) bundled together and accessed via a special software program. How do I cite one of the resources ...
2
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1answer
43 views

How to reference an ISO/IEC?

I'm doing some college work and I'm using ISO/IEC 27000 Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Overview and vocabulary. In Word, I have set up the ...
2
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1answer
548 views

How to cite a film quote using MLA in text citations

I am working on an essay, and one of my sources is a film. (The Matrix) What would the in-text citation for the film look like, and would it include the time that the quote occured?
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0answers
118 views

What referencing style is this?

I was reading a book and I'm curious about the referencing style that is used. When you go to the reference page it is sorted by chapters and then it lists then the references for each particular ...
1
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1answer
186 views

Having a character quote an entire stanza of a poem

I am working on a long form fiction item.In this one of the characters will quote the first Stanza from a poem. Normally with speech one opens quotes, adds the text, and closes quotes. However I do ...
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3answers
839 views

Do I need to write a bibliography?

I made a program and wrote a paper on how it works. I do not quote anything, I just talk about my program. Do I still need to write a bibliography?
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3answers
68 views

Is it plagiarism to use something from a nonfiction work and put it into fiction?

I was reading about this Japanese dance style written by a man who taught it. He said that the style was uniquely Japanese and few outsiders could really dance in the style properly. He said that he ...
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4answers
142 views

Scientific Citation

Is there a standard for the fields which are required to be included for a reference in scientific journal/conference papers? For instance BibTeX has a lot of fields for an @article entry, but which ...
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4answers
2k views

MLA in-text Citations with no author, as well as same title?

In MLA, how do I write in-text citations that have no author, as well as a same title with another source in my bibliography? For example, I have these 2 sources: "Alternative Energy." Discover ...
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3answers
14k views

Citing multiple quotes from a single novel

I'm writing a analytical essay (for school) about a novel. I need to cite some quotes (for support), that comes from that novel. I know that the MLA style citation goes as follows: "Quote goes here" ...
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1answer
43 views

Order of references

Suppose I have the following references to literature: Miller, H. (1999): … Referred to as: Miller (1999) Miller, F., & Smith, J. (2002): … Referred to as: ...
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1answer
1k views

Citing classics in Bibliography

I need to cite in my paper various "classic" works (Russian writers of the XIX century etc). In the text it is relevant to specify the year of the original novel, for example "Dostoyevsky in his 'The ...
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1answer
20 views

Should I use the actual page number, or the PDF's page number in a parenthetical citation?

Let's say I have a PDF, and I want to cite something on page 2 of the PDF. Would I want to use the actual page number listed (page 724 apparently), or the page number of the PDF?
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2answers
74 views

Should I do anything else with this indirect source?

For a paper I am doing, I am relying on information from this paper. I can't access without paying, but I found this link containing a summary in the form of a fancy GUI slideshow and gives more ...
1
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1answer
26 views

MLA: How do I cite a movie that was republished on YouTube?

I watched a clip that was made a long time ago in the 1950s by Sid Davis Productions, Inc. The clip was published on YouTube, where I saw it.
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1answer
173 views

MLA: Citing Multiple Facts from Same Source & Page in Same Paragraph

Let's say I have two facts that I mention in the same paragraph. These two facts come from the same source, and are located on the same page of the source. Let's say, for example, that in this ...
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1answer
127 views

What is this citation style called?

What is this citation style called: P. Schmid-Saugeon, J. guillod & J.P. Thiran, Towards a Computer-Aided Diagnosis System For Pigmented Skin Lesions, Computerized Medical Imaging and ...
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1answer
28 views

Citations for summary on a journal article - APA formatting

I'm writing an APA summary paper on a journal article. I am not using any other sources but that journal article. Would I need to keep citing the article throughout my paper such as putting ...