Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
32 views

Citing someone's work, copying and pasting fragment. Is that OK?

I found the original manuscript of a very celebrated English botanist on the internet (in pdf format of course) Here it is: http://sciweb.nybg.org/science2/pdfs/dws/Brownian.pdf The reason is that in ...
2
votes
2answers
164 views

How do I cite a standalone quote at the beginning of a doctoral thesis?

The book which the quote is from is also being cited throughout the thesis, so naturally it is included in the bibliography. What should the citation look like? Should it be consistent with the ...
2
votes
3answers
110 views

How do I cite or give credit to a statistic on a website?

I'm not even sure if I need to since I often see statistics on website and blog posts without a source. Do I need to? And how should I do it? From what I've seen when the source is mentioned, people ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

How do I claim the number of scholarly articles on a niche subject is relatively small without listing every single one of those citations?

I have a sentence in my literature review that goes something like this: ... has only been thoroughly evaluated by a relatively small number of experts in the xx literature (author1992; author1994; ...
2
votes
2answers
42 views

Should quotation marks for titles of short works be included as part of link text?

In a hypertext document, when the title of a short work (which is enclosed in quotation marks) is a link should the quotation marks be included as part of the link text? Do common style guides ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Using citations in chapter headings?

I noticed in some books I read that under each chapter title, there is a citation, somewhat related to what the chapter in question is about. I was thinking of maybe using the same technique for my ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

How do I cite well known historical works?

If I'm writing a paper that uses well known historical sources, how would I cite them? Specifically, I'm referring to the United States Constitution and a speech delivered by Frederick Douglass. ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

How do I cite Google Public Data in my bibliography (APA format)?

I'm writing a paper which uses an APA6-style bibliography. I'm referring to a graph from Google Public Data. What should my in-text citation say, and how should I cite it? I'm not sure if I should ...
2
votes
2answers
345 views

How to cite two volumes in one (Turabian)

How do I cite a (reprinted) multivolume work in one volume, Turabian style? The way I see it, I have two options: Fairbairn, Patrick. Typology of Scripture. [4th ed.?] 2 vols. New York: Funk & ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

APA (sixth edition) citation for the Fourth Assessment Report

I'm trying to cite a source from the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_and_data_reports.shtml I'm fairly new to APA in general and I'm struggling to ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Correct usage/explanation of ibid in referencing

My girlfriend was advised to use Ibid in her assignment's citations to help reduce the word count (I pointed out that references are usually not part of the count, but regardless); but she couldn't ...
2
votes
1answer
529 views

When citing information from a source do I need multiple citations for multiple ideas or sentences

I am doing the works cited part of my paper and am trying to avoid plagiarism. I have used information which is not common knowledge in my paper so I must use citations because i have put it into my ...
2
votes
1answer
593 views

In-Text Citations: Author-Date v.s. [Number]?

I was reading a guidance of the APA style and I am now confused with the in-text citation part. According to what I have read, When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to reference data files, APA-style?

I'm preparing an assignment which requires two MS Project files to be submitted, containing WBS/GANTT charts for a fictional project, and a textual explanation of what I did and why, which. (All the ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Is there a way to improve Endnote record consistency?

I am required to use Endnote to manage citations. When I find an article, I am expected to create an Endnote record for it, and we have some internal guidelines as to which fields we consider ...
2
votes
1answer
792 views

Vancouver system, citing multiple sentences from the same book

I've written a few paragraphs and in them I cited three short sentences from the same book, same chapter and marked them as ...(1)...(2)...(3).... My endnotes now look like this: (1) Author1, ..., ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Issue in citing legal cases, APA

I'm specifically trying to cite two documents under United States v. 434 Main Street, Tewksbury, Massachusetts. Namely, this and this. The second is the actual ruling, but the first is a pertinent ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

APA Citation on online documentation

I am referencing the MySQL documentation in a paper. Would it be appropriate to reference it in its entirety, or should I create a citation for each page I use since it's very large?
2
votes
1answer
21 views

MLA: citing indirect sources w/o quoting

I am working on a paper. In this paper, I'm talking about how poverty affects African-Americans. I found this great article in which the author talks about poverty and how it is related to mental ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

What's the proper way to cite multiple interviews across a paper in Chicago Style?

My friend is writing a paper in Chicago style and she is citing multiple interviews. The citations keep switching back and forth between different interviewees. What's the correct way to cite them? ...
2
votes
3answers
66 views

Quote a sentence with references

I'm currently writing my bachelor's thesis and I'm using the IEEE citations. Now lets say I want to directly quote the following sentence: The barn was on fire1 so I ran away. with something ...
2
votes
2answers
164 views

Inline Citations when Critiquing a Single Source (APA)

I am writing an essay which is entirely a response to a single source. I mention the source in my introduction paragraph, and I give a full reference at the end. Is it also required that I include ...
2
votes
1answer
798 views

How to cite a Terms of Service in APA style

I need to cite a Google condition using APA style. I have the following paragraph, but when I pass it through Viper I get plagiarized. How shall I do?
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to quote something twice

If I use a quote and then want to explicitly refer to a small part of that quote again, within the same paragraph, do I need to use quotation marks again? Can I use italics instead? I am writing in ...
2
votes
2answers
173 views

Using abbreviations after in-text citations

I am writing an academic paper, specifically a Position Paper, using APA. According to the Purdue OWL webpage, to cite an organisation: "First citation: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000) ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

Stick to in-text citation or use a mixture of both parenthetical and in-text?

I'm currently writing an academic paper for a school assignment, specifically a short Position Paper with 500 word limit. I have chosen to use APA for my citations. I am wondering if that it is ...
2
votes
1answer
484 views

How to cite a film quote using MLA in text citations

I am working on an essay, and one of my sources is a film. (The Matrix) What would the in-text citation for the film look like, and would it include the time that the quote occured?
2
votes
0answers
81 views

What referencing style is this?

I was reading a book and I'm curious about the referencing style that is used. When you go to the reference page it is sorted by chapters and then it lists then the references for each particular ...
2
votes
2answers
985 views

how to cite CD-ROM resources (Turabian)

I have the PC Study Bible, which is a collection of resources (Bible versions, commentaries, &c.) bundled together and accessed via a special software program. How do I cite one of the resources ...
1
vote
3answers
642 views

Do I need to write a bibliography?

I made a program and wrote a paper on how it works. I do not quote anything, I just talk about my program. Do I still need to write a bibliography?
1
vote
4answers
139 views

Scientific Citation

Is there a standard for the fields which are required to be included for a reference in scientific journal/conference papers? For instance BibTeX has a lot of fields for an @article entry, but which ...
1
vote
3answers
12k views

Citing multiple quotes from a single novel

I'm writing a analytical essay (for school) about a novel. I need to cite some quotes (for support), that comes from that novel. I know that the MLA style citation goes as follows: "Quote goes here" ...
1
vote
3answers
166 views

MLA in-text Citations with no author, as well as same title?

In MLA, how do I write in-text citations that have no author, as well as a same title with another source in my bibliography? For example, I have these 2 sources: "Alternative Energy." Discover ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Use of Registered trademark

I'm writing a book on Windows and I need some guidelines. On the cover of the book, as part of the subtitle, may I include Windows® in it? Inside the book, do I have to use the ® every single little ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Order of references

Suppose I have the following references to literature: Miller, H. (1999): … Referred to as: Miller (1999) Miller, F., & Smith, J. (2002): … Referred to as: ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Citing classics in Bibliography

I need to cite in my paper various "classic" works (Russian writers of the XIX century etc). In the text it is relevant to specify the year of the original novel, for example "Dostoyevsky in his 'The ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

MLA: How do I cite a movie that was republished on YouTube?

I watched a clip that was made a long time ago in the 1950s by Sid Davis Productions, Inc. The clip was published on YouTube, where I saw it.
1
vote
1answer
94 views

MLA: Citing Multiple Facts from Same Source & Page in Same Paragraph

Let's say I have two facts that I mention in the same paragraph. These two facts come from the same source, and are located on the same page of the source. Let's say, for example, that in this ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

What is this citation style called?

What is this citation style called: P. Schmid-Saugeon, J. guillod & J.P. Thiran, Towards a Computer-Aided Diagnosis System For Pigmented Skin Lesions, Computerized Medical Imaging and ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Customising book titles in references/sources

Some book use lower case titles while others use upper and lower case. Should I stick to authors choice or customise upper and lower case (as per correct usage of caps in titles). When re checking ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

How do I cite an unnamed lecture that took place somewhere in Dade County and was published on YouTube?

I'm trying to cite the following lecture: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ltDZWQKNrCA There's a name for the lecturer, but not a name for the lecture. Not even a location (except somewhere in the ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

MLA parenthetical citation of a character in a novel

If I am writing my essay on only one novel, and I have made it clear in the previous sentence that the quote is from a character in said novel, do I still have to include the authors name in the ...
1
vote
1answer
335 views

How To Cite Francis Bacon's Of Simulation and Dissimulation Essay

I have to write a paper that defines the word "simulation". As part of my paper, for historical reasons I've decided to use a quote from Francis Bacon's Essay Of Simulation and Dissimulation. The ...
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Using the same quotation a second time

I'm writing an essay in CMS style. I have a quotation I use in the beginning of the essay that I cite. I reference part of the quote later in quotation marks. Do I need a citation the second time?
1
vote
1answer
119 views

How to cite (APA style) a whole chapter about a product?

I'm currently writing my thesis and one chapter is about a software product. The chapter contains three paragraphs with general information about the product that I collected from the product ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Publisher of foreign-language citation - do I translate “Gobierno de” to “Government of”?

The publication is in English. Gobierno de Perú. Ministerio de Agricultura. 2012. Plan estratégico sectorial multiannual 2012-2016. Lima. or should that be: Government of Peru. Ministry of ...
1
vote
1answer
404 views

APA article critique reference page

When using multiple sources to critique an article in APA, do I need to cite the article being critiqued separately from my other references used for the critique in the reference list or do I just ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Is it okay to create a remote bibliography or works cited page?

I'm currently designing a print flyer and I'm using quite a few statistics and a few quotes. Since space is at a minimum, and citing each individual statistic would require several lines of unsightly ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Location of cites using APA style format

If I write need to site a paragraph in APA style format, for example: The quick brown fox jumped over the hill. Do you put the citation in front of the sentence, at the end or at the bottom of the ...
1
vote
1answer
647 views

APA citation style - capitalization of titles

I'm writing a paper, supposedly using APA citation style, and I've encountered the following conflict. On the one hand, the title of the work I cite is cited in all small letters, and only the first ...