Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

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1answer
582 views

How to Cite an Author Who Has a Pen Name

If both the author's name and the pen name are known, should one cite by one name or both names? If one, which?
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2answers
31 views

Using the same quotation a second time

I'm writing an essay in CMS style. I have a quotation I use in the beginning of the essay that I cite. I reference part of the quote later in quotation marks. Do I need a citation the second time?
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5answers
4k views

Link shorteners for research paper citations?

I'm curious about the "properness" of using shortened links (a la bit.ly or tinyurl) in research papers. I haven't been able to find any sort of definitive reference about whether or not this is ...
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1answer
129 views

How to cite (APA style) a whole chapter about a product?

I'm currently writing my thesis and one chapter is about a software product. The chapter contains three paragraphs with general information about the product that I collected from the product ...
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1answer
419 views

APA article critique reference page

When using multiple sources to critique an article in APA, do I need to cite the article being critiqued separately from my other references used for the critique in the reference list or do I just ...
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1answer
33 views

Publisher of foreign-language citation - do I translate “Gobierno de” to “Government of”?

The publication is in English. Gobierno de Perú. Ministerio de Agricultura. 2012. Plan estratégico sectorial multiannual 2012-2016. Lima. or should that be: Government of Peru. Ministry of ...
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2answers
33k views

Multiple Same Source Citations in the same Paragraph in MLA format?

I'm writing a paper for a Political Science class. We are allowed to use "any standard citation format", so I've decided to use MLA. My university, the University of Florida, encourages students to ...
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2answers
172 views

Inline Citations when Critiquing a Single Source (APA)

I am writing an essay which is entirely a response to a single source. I mention the source in my introduction paragraph, and I give a full reference at the end. Is it also required that I include ...
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2answers
61 views

How do I claim the number of scholarly articles on a niche subject is relatively small without listing every single one of those citations?

I have a sentence in my literature review that goes something like this: ... has only been thoroughly evaluated by a relatively small number of experts in the xx literature (author1992; author1994; ...
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2answers
728 views

Using ACM style, how do I cite an article without a specific author's name?

I'm using Mendeley, and trying to cite this article using ACM citation style: Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus American Diabetes Association Should the author be "N/A" or ...
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3answers
236 views

Citing authors already cited in a paper

I am writing my undergraduate thesis paper on a topic in which a lot of work has been done. So, it is important to maintain the flow of progress of my subject of interest through out the years. As, a ...
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3answers
13k views

Citing multiple quotes from a single novel

I'm writing a analytical essay (for school) about a novel. I need to cite some quotes (for support), that comes from that novel. I know that the MLA style citation goes as follows: "Quote goes here" ...
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2answers
314 views

What is the best way to cite an anonymous writer?

When writing papers I sometimes discover texts online which are published without any kind of name attached. Often times these individuals want to be anonymous or simply do not reference themselves in ...
3
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1answer
95 views

tinyURL seen as risky by readers?

I see tinyURL recommended for news or magazine-style writing where AP style prevails--but then I see online warnings that clicking a tinyURL may take readers to sites they do not (at all) want to ...
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3answers
751 views

What is the proper format/style for using and properly citing code in an APA paper?

I'm working on a paper that covers concurrency in Java, however to properly explain many concepts I feel code samples are basically needed. However, I don't know how to properly cite code I've ...
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2answers
91 views

Is an MLA citation needed for a broad description of a poem's theme?

I'm trying to figure out whether I need to cite these poems or not. “Out, Out—” has its morbid description of a young boy bleeding out and its underlying theme of death. “Nothing Gold Can Stay” ...
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1answer
76 views

Citing in a Magazine Article

I write a ton of magazine articles online. My editor tells me you do not need a works cited as you do in academic work. I am wondering what kind of citing you do need and what I should be doing for ...
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1answer
43 views

Order of references

Suppose I have the following references to literature: Miller, H. (1999): … Referred to as: Miller (1999) Miller, F., & Smith, J. (2002): … Referred to as: ...
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1answer
828 views

How to cite a Terms of Service in APA style

I need to cite a Google condition using APA style. I have the following paragraph, but when I pass it through Viper I get plagiarized. How shall I do?
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1answer
42 views

Is it okay to create a remote bibliography or works cited page?

I'm currently designing a print flyer and I'm using quite a few statistics and a few quotes. Since space is at a minimum, and citing each individual statistic would require several lines of unsightly ...
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1answer
44 views

Location of cites using APA style format

If I write need to site a paragraph in APA style format, for example: The quick brown fox jumped over the hill. Do you put the citation in front of the sentence, at the end or at the bottom of the ...
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1answer
251 views

When writing a formal report should citations be used in the glossary?

First of all hi everyone :-) In a formal report should the words and phrases defined in the glossary contain citations? Some of the phrases, that are going to be in the glossary, I know so well I ...
3
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1answer
144 views

how to cite a dubbed TV series? APA 6th edition

I'm quoting lines from a dubbed TV series and I'm not sure how to reference it? I have looked everywhere and I only found how would you cite an original version. Help please :)
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1answer
2k views

How to quote something twice

If I use a quote and then want to explicitly refer to a small part of that quote again, within the same paragraph, do I need to use quotation marks again? Can I use italics instead? I am writing in ...
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1answer
83 views

in text citation for handbook

I want to do in text citation of my "DK Handbook", In other words, I don't want put it's citation in 'work cited' section as it would be short and so obvious I searched internet and MLA handbook but ...
4
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3answers
116 views

How can I get my students to better integrate their sources into their writing?

A common problem I observe in student papers the use of source material in a sequential as opposed to an integrated fashion. For example, the first paragraph will be based on source 1, the second ...
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1answer
1k views

How are citations formatted in serious non-fiction (proposals)?

Just to be clear, I'm not talking about scholarly work of the sort that might be published by a university press. I'm talking about work by people like Goodwin, McCullough, or Larson. These kinds of ...
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2answers
405 views

How to cite multiple chapters from same book in Vancouver style?

How can I cite multiple chapters from the same book? Do I have to use separate reference numbers, if they are by different authors?
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2answers
277 views

Standardizing capitalization within a bibliography or footnotes when your sources have used different standards

I’m compiling a bibliography and want to know if I should standardize the capitalization within the titles of the articles. I understand that copying mistakes/typos, etc., is one thing, and usually ...
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1answer
63 views

How do I cite well known historical works?

If I'm writing a paper that uses well known historical sources, how would I cite them? Specifically, I'm referring to the United States Constitution and a speech delivered by Frederick Douglass. ...
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1answer
1k views

How to quote from a foreign journal that has not been translated?

I need to quote from a journal written in Arabic. What should I do? Write it first in Arabic then followed by translation and indicating that it is my own translation (translated by author)? Can I ...
4
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1answer
152 views

Punctuation-Quote or Quote-Punctuation?

I'm writing a document using the Chicago Manual of Syle. I have not access to the full guide, only to what's provided on-line. Now I wondering as to whether, in the main text itself, I should use the ...
4
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2answers
88 views

Knowing When To Cite?

In my essay (specifically a recount essay of a moment in the past), my objective is to end with the discussion of Death as a being (because my recounted moment will be related to death). I'd like to ...
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1answer
45 views

Can you cite an article to your bibliography? If yes, what is the format?

I have written a 60 page essay. However most of my references are articles. How can I include this in the bibliography?
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1answer
3k views

How do I quote a graphic novel?

I am writing a paper for a Canadian Literature class, and want to quote portions of one of the graphic novels we studied. Do I quote the written portions as I would any other written work? I am using ...
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2answers
2k views

How to convert DOI to citation information

The DOI website will redirect to the article webpage on the journal official website. Is there is a public automated system to translate DOI to citation information? This can be beneficial for ...
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1answer
2k views

Citing foreign language sources (Swedish) in MLA7 bibliography?

I'm unsure of whether or not I should cite a foreign language source (Swedish), with the original (Swedish) title, or use a translated English language title. The paper is for university-level ...
2
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2answers
175 views

Using abbreviations after in-text citations

I am writing an academic paper, specifically a Position Paper, using APA. According to the Purdue OWL webpage, to cite an organisation: "First citation: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000) ...
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2answers
117 views

Stick to in-text citation or use a mixture of both parenthetical and in-text?

I'm currently writing an academic paper for a school assignment, specifically a short Position Paper with 500 word limit. I have chosen to use APA for my citations. I am wondering if that it is ...
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1answer
657 views

APA citation style - capitalization of titles

I'm writing a paper, supposedly using APA citation style, and I've encountered the following conflict. On the one hand, the title of the work I cite is cited in all small letters, and only the first ...
2
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1answer
557 views

When citing information from a source do I need multiple citations for multiple ideas or sentences

I am doing the works cited part of my paper and am trying to avoid plagiarism. I have used information which is not common knowledge in my paper so I must use citations because i have put it into my ...
2
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1answer
596 views

In-Text Citations: Author-Date v.s. [Number]?

I was reading a guidance of the APA style and I am now confused with the in-text citation part. According to what I have read, When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text ...
3
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1answer
153 views

Is Patent text copyrighted?

When using text from articles published in journals and magazine, we need to obtain copyright permission from the copyright owner (publisher or author). I wonder if we need copyright permission when ...
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1answer
642 views

Citing the same source several times

I have two pages that I would like to cite/reference in a paper. Both pages are located on the Microsoft website (and both represent specifications of document formats). The problem is that there are ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Referencing a website using Harvard style

How can I reference a website using the Harvard style? How would this be different if no author was listed?
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2answers
917 views

Citing in a paper: one citation for two paragraphs?

I'm writing a short paper on macroeconomics; the professor gave us two tries, I submitted the first try, and now got my feedback. The feedback is: "The first paragraph could also deserve a ...
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2answers
998 views

how to cite CD-ROM resources (Turabian)

I have the PC Study Bible, which is a collection of resources (Bible versions, commentaries, &c.) bundled together and accessed via a special software program. How do I cite one of the resources ...
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1answer
65 views

Cite the article title (from a book or website) in the text

How do I cite both the author and article title of a website or book in the text? Here is an example reference: Smith, A. (2012). How to cite an article title. Available: ...
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2answers
504 views

Citing speech and interviews in biographies

I am currently writing a biography of a band, and have a question regarding citing quotes, such as from interviews. Is it necessary to cite everything a person (for example a band member or manager) ...
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1answer
121 views

Indirect source quotations [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Citing speech and interviews in biographies How do you quote an indirect source (source quoted in another source) when there are explanatory words within the indirect ...