Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
15 views

Citing a Poem in APA

I'm having trouble finding any reputable source online that indicates how to cite a poem in APA, and I don't have access to a physical copy of the APA manual right now. Does anyone know how to cite a ...
0
votes
0answers
2 views

APA parenthetical citation: is extra information in the parentheses okay?

I'm proofing a document that employs the APA citation style. It contains several citations of the form: (Michaelson, 2000; cattle only) This seems wrong to me, especially since the semi-colon is ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

MLA: How to cite academic summaries

When writing long academic summaries, like 2 or more pages long, how should we acknowledge the sources in MLA format? Should it be as in the example below? Original Buffy, a small, delicate-looking ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Citing an article with multiple authors in APA style

I have been trying to go through Mayfield Book on Technical Writing to find out how to do an in-text and parenthetical citation of a source that I found online. The source is an article from a popular ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Using a slash in citations

I am currently reading Dr. Alia Al-Saji's paper on Racialized Time titled "Too Late: Racialized Time and the Closure of the Past". http://philpapers.org/archive/ALSTLR.pdf Throughout the text, she ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How to correctly cite?

I'm currently writing a thesis and for one section the sources are only 3 papers. Some paragraphes are only about one paper. Sometimes it is also mixed, i.e. first sentence references to paper 1, ...
3
votes
1answer
30 views

APA Cross-referencing Several Items from One Anthology

I am using a couple edited books in a paper I am writing. From each one, I need to cite 2-3 chapters. MLA offers a way to "cross-reference" within a reference list when citing multiple chapters from ...
2
votes
2answers
66 views

Tool to batch convert DOI to citations?

I'm looking for an (online) tool to convert a long list of DOI's (1000+) into citation information. There are several tools that let you enter one DOI at a time, such as doi2bib or Crossref but those ...
9
votes
2answers
961 views

An organization writes its acronym in lower-case - do I have to, too?

I'm writing an article that includes reference to an organization - let's say National Ecological Council of Concerned Citizens - which, instead of NECOCC, uses the acronym necocc, i.e. lower-case ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

How to cite this document in APA style of citation

There is an online PDF document. It is issued by the Central Department of Statistics & Information (Saudi Arabia). The title of the document (42 pages long) is: Hajj Statistics. Year of ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Citation behind a display equation

I occasionally have a case where I want to give a formula and also attribute it. This ends up like that: I do not really like that, though. The citation looks very odd at this spot. If the next ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

How to cite information from the Human Genome Project (website)?

I want to cite some information from the Human Genome Project FAQ regarding the cost of the project (see the "How much did the Human Genome Project cost U.S. taxpayers?" header), however I'm unsure of ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

How to cite Authorization for Use of Military Force as published online in MLA style?

The newest version of the MLA manual came out in April and so the OWL Perdue website is technically out of date. Also, additional websites (including the Illinois State University page on citing ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

What referencing style is this?

I was reading a book and I’m curious about the referencing style that is used. When you go to the reference page it is sorted by chapters and then it lists then the references for each particular ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

Adding links as foot notes

In my thesis, I have added some links as footnotes. I have seen it in some published papers also. But my supervisor tells me to not to add footnotes to them, but add citations. The links I have added ...
4
votes
3answers
668 views

“Works” in Works Cited when there is only one source?

I am currently writing an essay on Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and I only have one source. Do I still call it a "Works Cited" page? I read this following website, but it didn't seem to help: ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

MLA: Avoiding Unintentional Plagiarism in Essay Writing

I have a couple of questions about how to correctly cite sources in order to avoid unintentional plagiarism. First, let me give you an example of a paragraph I was reading the other day as part of a ...
1
vote
4answers
8k views

MLA in-text Citations with no author, as well as same title?

In MLA, how do I write in-text citations that have no author, as well as a same title with another source in my bibliography? For example, I have these 2 sources: "Alternative Energy." Discover ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Using sources multiple times in a paper in different places--how to cite

I'm writing a paper for National History Day in my Social Studies class and am using MLA formatting. It occurred to me that I had a lot of differing information from some sources, such as a historical ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Should I be concerned about plagiarism with this excerpt in a research paper?

I'm new to writing research papers and I need some help, with plagiarism in general. Here is an excerpt from my paper. Is this within the usual norms for research papers, or am I risking plagiarizing? ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Adding figures into a report, How to cite?

I am writing my first ever thesis these days. In order to describe a feature extraction methodology, I am going to insert a figure to my thesis and that figure is taken from the original paper in ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Where to put a reference to a figure or literature

I am writing a master thesis and got confused by the location of the reference details. Example 1 : Should the reference be before the dot or after a dot in this case? The exploratory analysis of ...
1
vote
3answers
94 views

Is it plagiarism to use something from a nonfiction work and put it into fiction?

I was reading about this Japanese dance style written by a man who taught it. He said that the style was uniquely Japanese and few outsiders could really dance in the style properly. He said that he ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

If you publish something, do people have to cite you by your surname?

If an author strongly wished to be referred to in other works by his or her given name, is there a way that the convention of referencing an author by last name could be broken?
4
votes
2answers
55 views

How can I include my own words within the quotation?

How can I include my own words (of an extra information) within the quotation? Can I do it in the following way, with the words in bracket being my own? To quote the words of the Buddha: “Here, ...
10
votes
5answers
7k views

Link shorteners for research paper citations?

I'm curious about the "properness" of using shortened links (a la bit.ly or tinyurl) in research papers. I haven't been able to find any sort of definitive reference about whether or not this is ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

How to cite literary (fiction) fragments in a naturals sciences journal?

I'm writing a grant in psychology/cognitive neuroscience. I am considering including a fragment of a book at the beginning, to illustrate the question. Regardless of whether this is a good idea, is ...
0
votes
2answers
118 views

Do I need to cite quotes when conversing casually with friends?

If I'm speaking casually with a friend and quote something I heard, do I need to cite the source of that quote/saying? Ex. "After all, we're no strangers to love." "Well, when in Rome..." Does this ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Citations for summary on a journal article - APA formatting

I'm writing an APA summary paper on a journal article. I am not using any other sources but that journal article. Would I need to keep citing the article throughout my paper such as putting ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Report writing: should I use ® © symbols?

I am busy writing a report for university. For this, I did some programming in MATLAB and simulations in Aspen Plus and HYSYS. When referring to these software in the report, should I symbols such ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

How to reference an ISO/IEC?

I'm doing some college work and I'm using ISO/IEC 27000 Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Overview and vocabulary. In Word, I have set up the ...
1
vote
2answers
22 views

Which year to cite reference as?

In a nonfiction snippet I'm writing about metrology, specifically the term micron being used in reference to the unit multiple micrometre (AmE: micrometer) I need to cite Resolution 7 of the 13th ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Should I use the actual page number, or the PDF's page number in a parenthetical citation?

Let's say I have a PDF, and I want to cite something on page 2 of the PDF. Would I want to use the actual page number listed (page 724 apparently), or the page number of the PDF?
2
votes
1answer
676 views

APA article critique reference page

When using multiple sources to critique an article in APA, do I need to cite the article being critiqued separately from my other references used for the critique in the reference list or do I just ...
1
vote
1answer
226 views

Having a character quote an entire stanza of a poem

I am working on a long form fiction item.In this one of the characters will quote the first Stanza from a poem. Normally with speech one opens quotes, adds the text, and closes quotes. However I do ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

How to cite nonpersonal email

My boss cites email to him as "Private communication". I want to cite email from a subject matter expert to a number of individuals (of which I was not one in the original message). It is not ...
0
votes
1answer
225 views

Quoting a Nursery Rhyme

I'd like to quote a nursery rhyme at the beginning of my chapter, but I'm not sure the proper formatting for this. I've seen a lot of authors quote passages from books, songs, and various other ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

Should I do anything else with this indirect source?

For a paper I am doing, I am relying on information from this paper. I can't access without paying, but I found this link containing a summary in the form of a fancy GUI slideshow and gives more ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

How to cite a report in APA style

I have been trying to go through Mayfield Book on Technical Writing to find out how to do an in-text and parenthetical citation of a source that I found online. The source looks like a report with ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Can you use et al. in a Bibliography?

In the text, I have, e.g. "...a major role to play in role-playing (Smith et al., 1990)." But can I use the same abbreviation in the bibliography? Smith, K. et al. 1990. Playing major roles ...
-2
votes
1answer
55 views

How do I implement a scholarly citation style in an online format?

I am part of a group starting an online, submissions-based journal of critical writing specific to my field. As the writing will be academic, we will need a formal citation process. We have decided to ...
2
votes
3answers
119 views

Which citation style do I use if I'm writing a religious book?

Should a self published book on a biblical topic, use MLA or Chicago citation styles? It'll be a persuasive writing on a biblical subject. I want to persuade the reader to my point of view but I know ...
2
votes
1answer
631 views

How to cite a film quote using MLA in text citations

I am working on an essay, and one of my sources is a film. (The Matrix) What would the in-text citation for the film look like, and would it include the time that the quote occured?
7
votes
3answers
36k views

How to cite an entire paragraph?

How to cite an entire paragraph taken from a book? Is it just writing the paragraph as a separate one and adding (Author, Year) in the end? Will it not imply that only the last sentence in the ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

How to properly cite a source in your footnotes?

I notice in some of the books I read that the author sometimes leaves explanatory notes that refer the reader to a book but the note is not written in a citation style. Do footnotes and endnotes have ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Citing someone's work, copying and pasting fragment. Is that OK?

I found the original manuscript of a very celebrated English botanist on the internet (in pdf format of course) Here it is: http://sciweb.nybg.org/science2/pdfs/dws/Brownian.pdf The reason is that in ...
3
votes
2answers
204 views

Citation anniversary editions

How do I do MLA citations for an anniversary edition, e.g. 30th anniversary Selfish Gene. Do I treat it as a normal edition or just ignore that it is a new edition?
5
votes
1answer
26 views

How do I cite this page?

I am trying to cite this page in MLA: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/obscenity Since it lists no authors, what should I put as the in-text citation. Should I use the Legal Information Institute or ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Customising book titles in references/sources

Some book use lower case titles while others use upper and lower case. Should I stick to authors choice or customise upper and lower case (as per correct usage of caps in titles). When re checking ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

What's the proper way to cite multiple interviews across a paper in Chicago Style?

My friend is writing a paper in Chicago style and she is citing multiple interviews. The citations keep switching back and forth between different interviewees. What's the correct way to cite them? ...