Citations are references to published or unpublished sources other than the work one is currently reading. This tag should be used when asking for proper formatting for citations or information about the ethics of citations.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
2answers
32 views

Can you use et al. in a Bibliography?

In the text, I have, e.g. "...a major role to play in role-playing (Smith et al., 1990)." But can I use the same abbreviation in the bibliography? Smith, K. et al. 1990. Playing major roles ...
2
votes
3answers
58 views

Which citation style do I use if I'm writing a religious book?

Should a self published book on a biblical topic, use MLA or Chicago citation styles? It'll be a persuasive writing on a biblical subject. I want to persuade the reader to my point of view but I know ...
0
votes
2answers
24 views

How to properly cite a source in your footnotes?

I notice in some of the books I read that the author sometimes leaves explanatory notes that refer the reader to a book but the note is not written in a citation style. Do footnotes and endnotes have ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Citing an article with multiple authors in APA style

I have been trying to go through Mayfield Book on Technical Writing to find out how to do an in-text and parenthetical citation of a source that I found online. The source is an article from a popular ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How to cite a report in APA style

I have been trying to go through Mayfield Book on Technical Writing to find out how to do an in-text and parenthetical citation of a source that I found online. The source looks like a report with ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

How to cite information from the Human Genome Project (website)?

I want to cite some information from the Human Genome Project FAQ regarding the cost of the project (see the "How much did the Human Genome Project cost U.S. taxpayers?" header), however I'm unsure of ...
5
votes
1answer
21 views

How do I cite this page?

I am trying to cite this page in MLA: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/obscenity Since it lists no authors, what should I put as the in-text citation. Should I use the Legal Information Institute or ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Customising book titles in references/sources

Some book use lower case titles while others use upper and lower case. Should I stick to authors choice or customise upper and lower case (as per correct usage of caps in titles). When re checking ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Issue in citing legal cases, APA

I'm specifically trying to cite two documents under United States v. 434 Main Street, Tewksbury, Massachusetts. Namely, this and this. The second is the actual ruling, but the first is a pertinent ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

How do I cite an unnamed lecture that took place somewhere in Dade County and was published on YouTube?

I'm trying to cite the following lecture: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ltDZWQKNrCA There's a name for the lecturer, but not a name for the lecture. Not even a location (except somewhere in the ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

MLA: How do I cite a movie that was republished on YouTube?

I watched a clip that was made a long time ago in the 1950s by Sid Davis Productions, Inc. The clip was published on YouTube, where I saw it.
0
votes
0answers
20 views

APA Citation Page - problems with issue number and journal names

I have written out a APA citation page. I will attach a link to the page below. I have been told that there is an issue with the way my journal names have been presented and also one issue with one of ...
0
votes
5answers
56 views

Who do I cite as my source?

When you have multiple sources for information like a quote, which source do you use in your book or essay. The one you may have gotten from an authors work about what a particular individual said or ...
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

How do I implement a scholarly citation style in an online format?

I am part of a group starting an online, submissions-based journal of critical writing specific to my field. As the writing will be academic, we will need a formal citation process. We have decided to ...
1
vote
3answers
176 views

MLA in-text Citations with no author, as well as same title?

In MLA, how do I write in-text citations that have no author, as well as a same title with another source in my bibliography? For example, I have these 2 sources: "Alternative Energy." Discover ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Chicago- Paraphrasing a whole page from Author into 1 paragraph- what is the citation?

In a technical paper I am writing, I am taking a whole page of information and condensing it into a paragraph. I am using a mix of the authors words and my own. My question is can I cite the end of ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Citing someone's work, copying and pasting fragment. Is that OK?

I found the original manuscript of a very celebrated English botanist on the internet (in pdf format of course) Here it is: http://sciweb.nybg.org/science2/pdfs/dws/Brownian.pdf The reason is that in ...
6
votes
1answer
59 views

Least distracting method of citing in a book?

I've written a book and I'm juggling citation styles. I haven't put my bibliography together yet, but there are, I would estimate, at least 100 abstracts referenced from the National Library of ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

MLA parenthetical citation of a character in a novel

If I am writing my essay on only one novel, and I have made it clear in the previous sentence that the quote is from a character in said novel, do I still have to include the authors name in the ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

How to cite a letter in an anthology?

Does anyone know the proper way to cite a private letter printed in an anthology? For example, I need to cite the letters from Queen Victoria to her daughter, Princess Fredrick William. I have a basic ...
9
votes
2answers
757 views

An organization writes its acronym in lower-case - do I have to, too?

I'm writing an article that includes reference to an organization - let's say National Ecological Council of Concerned Citizens - which, instead of NECOCC, uses the acronym necocc, i.e. lower-case ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

APA Citation on online documentation

I am referencing the MySQL documentation in a paper. Would it be appropriate to reference it in its entirety, or should I create a citation for each page I use since it's very large?
2
votes
1answer
21 views

MLA: citing indirect sources w/o quoting

I am working on a paper. In this paper, I'm talking about how poverty affects African-Americans. I found this great article in which the author talks about poverty and how it is related to mental ...
3
votes
2answers
58 views

Citation anniversary editions

How do I do MLA citations for an anniversary edition, e.g. 30th anniversary Selfish Gene. Do I treat it as a normal edition or just ignore that it is a new edition?
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Cite Multiple sources Chicago manual style

I have cited the same source multiple times on one page of my essay. In my footnotes do I have to list the source each time, or is there a technique to list footnote numbers before the source like "1, ...
2
votes
1answer
486 views

How to cite a film quote using MLA in text citations

I am working on an essay, and one of my sources is a film. (The Matrix) What would the in-text citation for the film look like, and would it include the time that the quote occured?
2
votes
2answers
42 views

Should quotation marks for titles of short works be included as part of link text?

In a hypertext document, when the title of a short work (which is enclosed in quotation marks) is a link should the quotation marks be included as part of the link text? Do common style guides ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

What referencing style is this?

I was reading a book and I'm curious about the referencing style that is used. When you go to the reference page it is sorted by chapters and then it lists then the references for each particular ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

What's the proper way to cite multiple interviews across a paper in Chicago Style?

My friend is writing a paper in Chicago style and she is citing multiple interviews. The citations keep switching back and forth between different interviewees. What's the correct way to cite them? ...
5
votes
1answer
187 views

How to correctly identify publisher?

Sometimes multiple publishers and locations are listed in sequence. For example: PENGUIN CLASSICS Published by the Penguin Group Penguin Books Ltd, 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

MLA: Citing Multiple Facts from Same Source & Page in Same Paragraph

Let's say I have two facts that I mention in the same paragraph. These two facts come from the same source, and are located on the same page of the source. Let's say, for example, that in this ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Using citations in chapter headings?

I noticed in some books I read that under each chapter title, there is a citation, somewhat related to what the chapter in question is about. I was thinking of maybe using the same technique for my ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

What is the Normal Process for Gathering Permissions for Quotation Collections

I am contemplating gathering a collection of quotations from a single writer, similar to The Quotable [C.S.] Lewis by Wayne Martindale [Tyndale]. Most of the writers works remain under copyright, ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Use of Registered trademark

I'm writing a book on Windows and I need some guidelines. On the cover of the book, as part of the subtitle, may I include Windows® in it? Inside the book, do I have to use the ® every single little ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

APA Citation Single Source

If you read an article then write a paragraph based on what you learned, do you cite the article at the end of the paragraph? Or do you have to cite after each time you mention something that isn't ...
2
votes
3answers
66 views

Quote a sentence with references

I'm currently writing my bachelor's thesis and I'm using the IEEE citations. Now lets say I want to directly quote the following sentence: The barn was on fire1 so I ran away. with something ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

How do I cite a standalone quote at the beginning of a doctoral thesis?

The book which the quote is from is also being cited throughout the thesis, so naturally it is included in the bibliography. What should the citation look like? Should it be consistent with the ...
2
votes
3answers
110 views

How do I cite or give credit to a statistic on a website?

I'm not even sure if I need to since I often see statistics on website and blog posts without a source. Do I need to? And how should I do it? From what I've seen when the source is mentioned, people ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

How to add difficult Web Citation?

I am writing an article and needs to be heavily cited. My statement is: Jinisys Software Inc is a partner of Cisco. Problem: Cisco website does not have a static list of partners, and instead ...
1
vote
1answer
337 views

How To Cite Francis Bacon's Of Simulation and Dissimulation Essay

I have to write a paper that defines the word "simulation". As part of my paper, for historical reasons I've decided to use a quote from Francis Bacon's Essay Of Simulation and Dissimulation. The ...
5
votes
1answer
137 views

How to cite the C# Language Specification Version 5.0

I'm currently working on my thesis and need to cite a specific section of the C# Language Specification Version 5.0. The specification is available here, but I can't find the authors and the ...
3
votes
1answer
525 views

How to Cite an Author Who Has a Pen Name

If both the author's name and the pen name are known, should one cite by one name or both names? If one, which?
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Using the same quotation a second time

I'm writing an essay in CMS style. I have a quotation I use in the beginning of the essay that I cite. I reference part of the quote later in quotation marks. Do I need a citation the second time?
1
vote
1answer
119 views

How to cite (APA style) a whole chapter about a product?

I'm currently writing my thesis and one chapter is about a software product. The chapter contains three paragraphs with general information about the product that I collected from the product ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Publisher of foreign-language citation - do I translate “Gobierno de” to “Government of”?

The publication is in English. Gobierno de Perú. Ministerio de Agricultura. 2012. Plan estratégico sectorial multiannual 2012-2016. Lima. or should that be: Government of Peru. Ministry of ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

How do I claim the number of scholarly articles on a niche subject is relatively small without listing every single one of those citations?

I have a sentence in my literature review that goes something like this: ... has only been thoroughly evaluated by a relatively small number of experts in the xx literature (author1992; author1994; ...
1
vote
1answer
404 views

APA article critique reference page

When using multiple sources to critique an article in APA, do I need to cite the article being critiqued separately from my other references used for the critique in the reference list or do I just ...
0
votes
3answers
229 views

Citing authors already cited in a paper

I am writing my undergraduate thesis paper on a topic in which a lot of work has been done. So, it is important to maintain the flow of progress of my subject of interest through out the years. As, a ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

tinyURL seen as risky by readers?

I see tinyURL recommended for news or magazine-style writing where AP style prevails--but then I see online warnings that clicking a tinyURL may take readers to sites they do not (at all) want to ...
3
votes
2answers
277 views

What is the best way to cite an anonymous writer?

When writing papers I sometimes discover texts online which are published without any kind of name attached. Often times these individuals want to be anonymous or simply do not reference themselves in ...