Writing texts in a scientific or educational setting: peer-reviewed articles, theses, text books, and others.

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270 views

Difference between Analytical Writing and Critical Writing

I have been spending time online since yesterday trying to understand the difference between analytical summary writing and critical writing. I intend to write an analytical summary essay on the ...
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61 views

What “kind” of writing is The Fixation of Belief essay by Charles Sanders Pierce?

I happened by this essay a couple of years ago, now. I've been trying to find things written in a similar style since. However, I'm not terribly familiar with writing analysis, terminology, ...
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46 views

Author order and grouping on technical document

This question pertains to author/contributor order and grouping on a technical document. I performed tests on some equipment and had two other people directly involved. My boss and his boss need to ...
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29 views

Please help to improve the following sentence [closed]

I am writing the following: The length of a standard microblog message approximately equals to the length of a typical newspaper headline and subheading, which makes microblogs a perfect ...
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44 views

where to put the Annex

My teacher asked me to move some part to the Annex of the master thesis. I don't know where should I put this Annex thing, I have index, list of figures, list of appreviatiosn, then many chapters, ...
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17 views

Adding figures into a report, How to cite?

I am writing my first ever thesis these days. In order to describe a feature extraction methodology, I am going to insert a figure to my thesis and that figure is taken from the original paper in ...
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64 views

Writing a 15-page summary

When asked for a 15-page summary of the thesis/research paper, should I write it by chapter (Introduction, Methodology, etc) ? The only guideline given is to include introduction, research ...
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56 views

Writing content for website [closed]

I am an undergraduate student in Computer Science, me and some of my friends are interested in creating a website to teach programming languages and some mathematics topic which are required to be a ...
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18 views

Directly quoting a source who also has a cited source [duplicate]

When you are directly quoting a source who also has a cited source in the sentence or sentences you are using what is the best course of action?
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115 views

Is an MLA citation needed for a broad description of a poem's theme?

I'm trying to figure out whether I need to cite these poems or not. “Out, Out—” has its morbid description of a young boy bleeding out and its underlying theme of death. “Nothing Gold Can Stay” ...
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361 views

When writing a formal report should citations be used in the glossary?

First of all hi everyone :-) In a formal report should the words and phrases defined in the glossary contain citations? Some of the phrases, that are going to be in the glossary, I know so well I ...
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67 views

Which sections to cover for my graduation thesis on BSS?

I'm not sure if I'm on right place to ask a simple suggestion, so please be kind and don't downvote my question. I'm not asking someone to do it for me, I just need short guidance how should I ...
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284 views

Struggling to writing in English

I always struggle to write my ideas in English. Structuring my work/idea when it comes to writing leaves me blank. Even when I'm very clear about what I want to write, I will still struggle with ...
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Is translating to other language plagiarism?

I'm currently writing my Masters thesis in English. If I take some (small) German text snippets from some papers (I'm German-speaking) and just translate it to English, would this be plagiarism? ...
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89 views

Do I include the method of my research in the title?

For my Masters Thesis, I am trying to find an appropriate title. The field of the research is in Forestry and Geographic Information Science (GIS). Currently my title is the following: ...
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422 views

How to number the equations in an academic paper?

I know that the figures and tables are numbered consecutively throughout the while paper. What about the equation numbering? Suppose I have four equations in the paper, but I want to number only two ...
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4answers
55 views

Can an essay have a preface?

I'm writing a multi-faceted essay that will fill multiple pages (I suppose that it could be considered a collage of essays that build on each other to support one larger theme). This is something I've ...
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3answers
333 views

How can I write a thesis statement and stay on topic in a persuasive essay?

Recently I was made to write a persuasive essay about whether or not this quote by W. H. Auden is true: Machines are beneficial to the degree that they eliminate the need for labor, harmful to the ...
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55 views

“Performance” to indicate speed ambigous?

I am writing about algorithms in a paper and I wonder how to best express increasing the speed of an algorithm. Is it clear when I write "The performance increased by doing X" or can this be ...
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21 views

Using Numbers in APA: 10 and 5 in the same sentence

I have a sentence in my manuscript with the following structure: "As to the technologies...., 10 participants identified ...., and 5 participants identified ....." According to APA: Use numerals ...
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41 views

Lists of description appropriate for formal writing?

In a formal piece, is it appropriate to write a list, especially one of descriptions? It's the easiest way to get information across sometimes, especially on a tight word limit. For example, if I had ...
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38 views

How to use academic titles in the beginning of a paper

Should I use titles e.g. Dr., PhD, MS., BS, etc the beginning of a paper along with author names? Does the rule, if any, differ for different styles e.g. APA, MLA, etc.? Is the following, to make ...
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44 views

Should programmers/DBAs be co-authored on papers for their contributions?

I'm taking a CITI course and one of the sections dealt with authoring on manuscripts. The gist is that you don't add authors when no work has been done (such as adding a notable person for their ...
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2answers
63 views

What is the correct word/term that needs to be before the names of the maker of the project?

I am doing a project with one other person, we have finished the project and we are working on a cover page. We are not sure what to write out before our names, we have thought of a couple of ...
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148 views

Should I punctuate abbreviations for Old English, Middle English etc. in academic writing?

When using an abbreviation such as OFr (Old French) or ME (Middle English) in academic writing, what is the best way to stylise it? Masses of punctuation looks messy, but I am concerned my assignment ...
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39 views

How can I rewrite the sentence for technical writing style [closed]

I want to rewrite my sentence in technical writing style. Could you help me rewrite my sentence? Thank you in advance The proposed methods has 4 variables need to update in a optimization process, ...
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29 views

“Proposed Method” in Academic Paper

Is it okay to use the term "proposed method" in academic paper if I already done implementing the method? Or what phrase I can replace to this?
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42 views

academic writing: direct quote

I have a simple question regarding scientific quotes. Which of the following alternatives is correct? Alt. 1: The literature has made substantial strides towards identifying causal effects of X on Y ...
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60 views

Can you use et al. in a Bibliography?

In the text, I have, e.g. "...a major role to play in role-playing (Smith et al., 1990)." But can I use the same abbreviation in the bibliography? Smith, K. et al. 1990. Playing major roles ...
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157 views

Synonym for 'overly obvious'? [closed]

Writing about Waugh. Nanny Hawkins is first described thus: 'her hands lay open in her lap and, loosely between then, a rosary; she was fast asleep'. I find the rosary reference to be TOO blatant, ...
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33 views

Footnote placement — inside or outside terminal quote?

When you are referencing inforamtion in the footnote, is it customary to put the footnote number inside the quote or outside? For instance is it: "The pink pig."1 or: "The pink pig.1"
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94 views

How to change Microsoft Word Heading style [closed]

For example, Heading 1 is automatically typeset as Chapter 1: Chapter 1 Title. I would like to change this to Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Title however. How can I achieve this? I'm using Word 2013.
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102 views

The manuscript Summa Logicae (William of Ockham) [closed]

The Summa Logicae (Latin, in English it's the Sum of Logic) is a textbook on logic by William of Ockham. There are articles about the Summa Logicae in Wikipedia and in Logicmuseum. It was published ...
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354 views

Should I state my intentions/outline my structure at the beginning of an academic essay?

When writing an essay or short paper for school, should I state my intentions and outline the essay's structure in the introduction? Or should I let the essay speak for itself?
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763 views

Adding related work to an academic project report

In an academic project report, what phrasing should I use to introduce and explain related work? I have to explain several previous projects; I would like to be clear but also avoid repetition. I ...
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14 views

When should I use paperworks?

I keep seeing words like these. Another example is: Stuffs Is this valid? People use it like this... There are so many things I have to sell. I have books, bags, clothes and other stuffs. ...
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24 views

What is the image size in scientific paper if indicated as “a single, 1.5 or 2-column fitting image”?

I would like to submit my manuscript in ecology, containing Figures. However, in Author guidelines, I found that I have to Indicate per figure if it is a single, 1.5 or 2-column fitting image. ...
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21 views

Diagram wider than text width

In a math book, is it OK to have a diagram wider than text width (so overriding with margins)? Also, how to center a wide figure so that it occupies both left margin and right margin (not only right ...
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51 views

Publishing my book like Stacks Project

I have written a book about my math discoveries. The book is available as a PDF file and as LaTeX files published in a Git hosting under Creative Commons license. Will it increase readership of my ...
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3answers
84 views

Paraphrasing this part

I want to paraphrase a sentence (as opposed to quoting), but I can not seem get any words in my mind for this part. What methods can I use to find ideas and methods for rephrasing well written ...
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1answer
72 views

What are common academic categories of a story’s relationship to an audience?

I’m trying to understand the concept of an audience. I feel like exposure to modern stories has given me a vague sense about aspects of this concept but I would really like someone with more formal ...
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21 views

When is Ghostwriting is legal and ethical? [closed]

When is Ghostwriting is legal and ethical? I used something like a ghostwriter to help quickly publish a research paper. I was called before the chair of my department years ago and called a cheat ...
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142 views

Writing succintly. Does it matter?

When I write school papers (Essays and projects) I try to make it as succint as possible. I'll say this is my preferred style of writing. Compared to other students that like writing explicit ...
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433 views

Write about academic plans [closed]

A graduate school application form asks me to write about my academic plans. What I can think of is only the course arrangement in graduate study. So am I missing something ?
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1answer
445 views

What is a basic structure for writing an essay on the SAT or for an AP exam?

Most prompted essays for the SAT or an advanced placement writing class can be written using a similar basic structure. An example of an introduction for a persuasive prompted essay might be: ...
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76 views

Can anyone please help me, Is my letter write? [closed]

My dear XYZ, I am highly pleased your telephonic invitation that the marriage ceremony of you is going to take place on this (day). Accept my heartiest congratulation on your occasion of enjoyment. I ...
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1answer
93 views

How to write “number of cups per user” for short using symbols?

I want to insert a text segment in a figure in my conference paper. Like "number of cups per user", can I use #cups/user ? I think "cups/user" means an average value, right? What I need is a X-Y ...
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1answer
156 views

Write about why XX is an intellectual fit for you [closed]

It comes to me when a graduate school application form asks me why do you think XX university is an intellectual fit for you How should I write about it? Thanks
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53 views

How do I implement a scholarly citation style in an online format?

I am part of a group starting an online, submissions-based journal of critical writing specific to my field. As the writing will be academic, we will need a formal citation process. We have decided to ...