Writing texts in a scientific or educational setting: peer-reviewed articles, theses, text books, and others.

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Are there straightforward instructions for MS WORD 2013 for numbering in different formats, yet maintaining a chronological count?

I have a master's thesis in the humanities undergoing its final throes before readers' examinations. The university's formatting rules are, understandably, very strict and, unfortunately, demand a ...
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3answers
3k views

From Markdown to .odt and vice-versa: a possible distraction-free writing workflow?

I'm writing a master thesis (Sociology) and I'm really penalized by distractions. I would happily shift to a markdown full-screen environment but I wrote an half of the thesis in .odt via LibreOffice, ...
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2answers
83 views

Is an MLA citation needed for a broad description of a poem's theme?

I'm trying to figure out whether I need to cite these poems or not. “Out, Out—” has its morbid description of a young boy bleeding out and its underlying theme of death. “Nothing Gold Can Stay” ...
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3answers
526 views

Declaring short forms in an essay

I'm writing a critical review of two essays for a university class. Both of these essays have fairly long names. The essay begins like so... This essay will compare The Propaganda of Saints in the ...
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4answers
3k views

Where to put counter-examples within a 5-paragraph essay?

I am tutoring some students in the very basics of writing a 5-paragraph essay to present an argument, in preparation for more advanced academic writing. I am instructing them to include: An ...
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1answer
41 views

Order of references

Suppose I have the following references to literature: Miller, H. (1999): … Referred to as: Miller (1999) Miller, F., & Smith, J. (2002): … Referred to as: ...
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151 views

When is it acceptable to refer to an undefined group of people in academic writing?

Within my students' college writing, I found much writing referring to essentially imaginary, or not well-defined groups of people. Here are some examples: These days, more and more people carpool ...
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4answers
137 views

Is extraneous language appropriate in academic writing?

I teach a course in academic writing. My students, who do not have much writing experience, add many phrases, as in What are these extra phrases added to the beginning of sentences called?, to the ...
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1answer
192 views

Is it acceptable to use many footnotes to share additional ideas?

I teach a course in remedial academic writing. The students should learn to write at the graduate level. Some of the students are ELLs. They tend to include many extraneous thoughts and ideas in ...
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2answers
87 views

Should subsection headings sometimes repeat section headings?

In a technical or scientific text, such as a PhD thesis, should headings for (sub)sections be complete and sometimes repeat information from the headings of the levels above, or is it sufficient to ...
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1answer
942 views

Writing a punchy paragraph opening / beginning

I am writing a paper and always want to find ways to write a punch opening for my paragraph. I'm not sure how to take an informative paragraph and find an exciting lead-in that will encourage the ...
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1answer
28 views

Please help to improve the following sentence [closed]

I am writing the following: The length of a standard microblog message approximately equals to the length of a typical newspaper headline and subheading, which makes microblogs a perfect ...
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5answers
178 views

How to number the equations in an academic paper?

I know that the figures and tables are numbered consecutively throughout the while paper. What about the equation numbering? Suppose I have four equations in the paper, but I want to number only two ...
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1answer
75 views

Guidelines of reviewing journal manuscripts

Are there good books give guides in reviewing manuscripts for inclusion in scholarly journals? I'm working in area of computer, education, training and psychology. There are some scattered resources ...
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3answers
295 views

Self-contained software environment for authoring research papers

Does a self-contained environment for authoring research papers exist? Clearly, the concept might be a little unclear, so here's an attempt to better define what I mean: All sources used would be ...
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1answer
210 views

When writing a formal report should citations be used in the glossary?

First of all hi everyone :-) In a formal report should the words and phrases defined in the glossary contain citations? Some of the phrases, that are going to be in the glossary, I know so well I ...
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1answer
92 views

The manuscript Summa Logicae (William of Ockham) [closed]

The Summa Logicae (Latin, in English it's the Sum of Logic) is a textbook on logic by William of Ockham. There are articles about the Summa Logicae in Wikipedia and in Logicmuseum. It was published ...
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3answers
115 views

How can I get my students to better integrate their sources into their writing?

A common problem I observe in student papers the use of source material in a sequential as opposed to an integrated fashion. For example, the first paragraph will be based on source 1, the second ...
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2answers
58 views

What is the correct word/term that needs to be before the names of the maker of the project?

I am doing a project with one other person, we have finished the project and we are working on a cover page. We are not sure what to write out before our names, we have thought of a couple of ...
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1answer
538 views

How can I improve my analytical writing for a standardized test?

I will be taking the GRE test, which is an exam for students from non-English speaking countries who want to go to the US for graduate study. The test basically tests your English ability and your ...
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1answer
121 views

Should I punctuate abbreviations for Old English, Middle English etc. in academic writing?

When using an abbreviation such as OFr (Old French) or ME (Middle English) in academic writing, what is the best way to stylise it? Masses of punctuation looks messy, but I am concerned my assignment ...
2
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1answer
345 views

Structure for computer science research paper

I'm writing my first undergraduate research paper for computer science and I think my lack of experience is starting to get on my supervisor's nerves. I've written a program that collects video ...
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4answers
84 views

Do I include the method of my research in the title?

For my Masters Thesis, I am trying to find an appropriate title. The field of the research is in Forestry and Geographic Information Science (GIS). Currently my title is the following: ...
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2answers
248 views

Should I state my intentions/outline my structure at the beginning of an academic essay?

When writing an essay or short paper for school, should I state my intentions and outline the essay's structure in the introduction? Or should I let the essay speak for itself?
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3answers
164 views

Is it acceptable for a tech book to consist of only 2 chapters?

I am interested in writing a book on a particular class of natural products. It would discuss the products' isolation and biological functions - these are the two chapters that I can fit into the ...
3
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1answer
192 views

Differences in personal statements between American and UK universities?

A friend has asked me to review a personal statement she's written for acceptance into a UK university. I have experience in assisting others with their writing, but as an American I want to ensure ...
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3answers
385 views

How can I help a writing-phobic but competent student develop their writing?

I am a professor in a science department and I am working with a student that has significant anxiety about writing, such that they have opted to receive a lower final grade rather than turn in ...
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2answers
2k views

How to convert DOI to citation information

The DOI website will redirect to the article webpage on the journal official website. Is there is a public automated system to translate DOI to citation information? This can be beneficial for ...
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2answers
167 views

Using abbreviations after in-text citations

I am writing an academic paper, specifically a Position Paper, using APA. According to the Purdue OWL webpage, to cite an organisation: "First citation: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000) ...
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1answer
587 views

How short is “short monograph”?

I've seen several references to some "short monograph on subject X". But how short is that? Is there a standard length to use as a reference? I realize that this depends on page size and font, so I ...
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1answer
431 views

Adding related work to an academic project report

In an academic project report, what phrasing should I use to introduce and explain related work? I have to explain several previous projects; I would like to be clear but also avoid repetition. I ...
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4answers
185 views

How to get over writer's block related to revising?

I'm a PhD Student in the social sciences. When I do focused free-writing on a topic, my thoughts just fly out and I can easily generate 600-800 words an hour of relatively high quality text. However, ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Writing subjectively or objectively? (IELTS writing)

I'm asking this question in the interest of getting a high score on IELTS writing, specifically Task 2, the 40-minute 250-word one. My primary confusion is whether to write subjectively or objectively ...
8
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1answer
197 views

Tools for exploring and analysing document structure?

I'm currently writing a thesis. Just the introduction is 25 pages/8000 words. The whole document will probably be 70 pages or so. With a document this large, and on such a complex topic, it can be ...
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2answers
3k views

Are contractions antithetical to academic writing?

This question is very specific to academic writing: I used the contraction "don't" instead of "do not" in some of the papers. Some of the reviewers mentioned that "don't" is not a formal style of ...
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2answers
150 views

How do I escape my own experience?

When writing academic text, you're often in the position of having to write introductory or explanatory material for your audience. Usually you write this kind of material after you've explored the ...
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1answer
222 views

Where and how to give an overview of each chapter in scientific writing?

Since I find it quite helpful for readers (e.g., of my dissertation) to get an overview of what they are going to read, I want to do this in each chapter. Where should I locate these overviews? How ...
3
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1answer
64 views

What sections of the frontmatter are listed in the table of contents?

There is a question about the correct order for thesis front matter. If I have those sections and some order, what of them is usually placed into the table of contents? While the main chapters surely ...
3
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1answer
5k views

Abbreviation for “figures” in scientific papers

In scientific papers, the term "Figure" -- referring to an illustration in the text -- is often abbreviated as "Fig." But is "Figures" abbreviated as "Figs", "Fig.s" or "Figs."? I am proofreading a ...
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1answer
65 views

How can a practical learner get up to speed on APA quickly?

I'd like to learn the APA style guide, so that, in addition to the fiction and general non-fiction I work on currently, I can start accepting academic editing jobs. However, I know very little about ...
3
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1answer
371 views

How Important are essay writing conventions in the university level and above?

I go to a CEGEP, which is basically pre-university in Montreal. In my Introduction to English class, I had a teacher who allowed us to go around the typical essay writing conventions. Conventions like ...
5
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1answer
159 views

How to do literature review

We often hear that literature review (LR) is not mere summarizing the writings of other, rather it is scrutinizing finding the material relevant to one's own research and the gaps to be filled. Can ...
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3answers
138 views

What's the appropriate way to write numbers in educational contexts like papers?

I want to know if numbers should be written alphabetically in educational contexts, for instance: 10 plasma samples out of 1016 cannot be ignored. Or Ten plasma samples out of one thousand ...
4
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1answer
219 views

What tense to use in an academic paper when speaking about correspondence?

What is the correct tense to use in an academic paper when speaking about correspondence? Say one of my source materials is a letter written by someone named William, in which he says he went to the ...
4
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5answers
996 views

Is it good style to use latin phrases in english scientific literature?

I don't know how much and deep actually school kids in the US get in touch with Latin. In Europe you can choose it on many high schools and the use of it common in mainstream media. For some areas of ...
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4answers
264 views

How to improve my skill at writing a question?

I'm a member of some SE sites, like SO and CSTheory. In those sites I'm an active member, I'm reading Q&A and also answering some questions or asking questions, but I think my writing is poor. I ...
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1answer
104 views

Write about why XX is an intellectual fit for you [closed]

It comes to me when a graduate school application form asks me why do you think XX university is an intellectual fit for you How should I write about it? Thanks
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1answer
349 views

Write about academic plans [closed]

A graduate school application form asks me to write about my academic plans. What I can think of is only the course arrangement in graduate study. So am I missing something ?
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5answers
154 views

Interesting and easier-to-read alternatives to the scientific academic article

Short version: What is an equally informative, but more interesting alternative to typical academic-article-style scientific writing? Longer version: I love writing, I do a lot of it – fiction and ...
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2answers
1k views

Origin of Passive Voice or Third Person in scientific Writing

I was reading a turkish translation of Robert A. Day , How to Write & Publish a Scientific Paper. Foreword is written by A. M. Celâl Şengör. In this foreword The writer who always uses third ...