Writing texts in a scientific or educational setting: peer-reviewed articles, theses, text books, and others.

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How to change Microsoft Word Heading style [on hold]

For example, Heading 1 is automatically typeset as Chapter 1: Chapter 1 Title. I would like to change this to Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Title however. How can I achieve this? I'm using Word 2013.
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1answer
13 views

Lists of description appropriate for formal writing?

In a formal piece, is it appropriate to write a list, especially one of descriptions? It's the easiest way to get information across sometimes, especially on a tight word limit. For example, if I had ...
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3answers
35 views

Are essays supposed to be formal?

After reading a prompt to one of essays, and then looking at this link, I realized how little I know about the actual meaning of an essay. Here is how my definition of "essay" has become muddied over ...
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0answers
25 views

How do I implement a scholarly citation style in an online format?

I am part of a group starting an online, submissions-based journal of critical writing specific to my field. As the writing will be academic, we will need a formal citation process. We have decided to ...
4
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1answer
48 views

What is an APA-certified editor?

Is APA-certified editor an actual credential? If yes, is there a universally-accepted proof in the U.S. for that credential? I tried a web search on "how to become an APA-certified editor." I ...
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46 views

What are common academic categories of a story’s relationship to an audience?

I’m trying to understand the concept of an audience. I feel like exposure to modern stories has given me a vague sense about aspects of this concept but I would really like someone with more formal ...
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1answer
108 views

Writing a scientific name in an italized phrase?

If I use a scientific name (Python regius) in a phrase that is already in italics, should the scientific name then be written normally or underlined? Does anybody know the rule?
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1answer
171 views

How to write a “state of the art” chapter

I am an engineering student in a non-English speaking country and I'm writing my master's thesis in English, as well as all related articles. I can't use the country's language nor my first language ...
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1answer
48 views

Writing a PhD thesis. Question about (an informal) introduction

I am preparing scientific thesis for the degree of PhD. It is a mathematical thesis. It is usually very difficult to tell your colleagues and friends what are the things you exactly work on with ...
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23 views

Citing someone's work, copying and pasting fragment. Is that OK?

I found the original manuscript of a very celebrated English botanist on the internet (in pdf format of course) Here it is: http://sciweb.nybg.org/science2/pdfs/dws/Brownian.pdf The reason is that in ...
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2answers
61 views

Untranslated text with a work being translated

I am translating an academic work (MLA style) which contains a untranslated section by the author. The original work is in Portugese and the untranslated section is in Spanish. Do I leave the Spanish ...
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0answers
54 views

Writing content for website [closed]

I am an undergraduate student in Computer Science, me and some of my friends are interested in creating a website to teach programming languages and some mathematics topic which are required to be a ...
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1answer
27 views

How to use academic titles in the beginning of a paper

Should I use titles e.g. Dr., PhD, MS., BS, etc the beginning of a paper along with author names? Does the rule, if any, differ for different styles e.g. APA, MLA, etc.? Is the following, to make ...
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21 views

When is Ghostwriting is legal and ethical? [closed]

When is Ghostwriting is legal and ethical? I used something like a ghostwriter to help quickly publish a research paper. I was called before the chair of my department years ago and called a cheat ...
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2answers
290 views

Including a deceased person in a dedication

What is the convention when you want to dedicate a work to someone who is dead? It is necessary to be explicit about that? For example, I am writing my thesis and would like to dedicate it to my ...
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2answers
72 views

How can I write a thesis statement and stay on topic in a persuasive essay?

Recently I was made to write a persuasive essay about whether or not this quote by W. H. Auden is true: Machines are beneficial to the degree that they eliminate the need for labor, harmful to the ...
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2answers
49 views

Should I use hypophoras at the beginning of every paragraphs?

Hypophora is a figure of speech in which a writer raises a question and then immediately provides an answer to that question. I am about to write a Statement of Purpose. In the SOP, I need to ...
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2answers
49 views

Punctuation in a list

Let's say I have a document with a list like this: aaaa bbbb cccc dddd Should I put nothing, a semicolon, a full stop or what at the end of each line? This is for an academic paper. We don't ...
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3answers
42 views

What label to use in an article for a group of equations?

Writing an academic paper, one might use different labels for different entities. For example in MS Word, Figure, Table, and Equation might be used for figures, tables, and math equations, ...
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1answer
661 views

Right font style and size for a master thesis

I'm writing a master thesis for my master in economics. Given that the thesis is not expected to be too much formal (the master itslef is very practical and little theoretical) I want to use good ...
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1answer
32 views

What “kind” of writing is The Fixation of Belief essay by Charles Sanders Pierce?

I happened by this essay a couple of years ago, now. I've been trying to find things written in a similar style since. However, I'm not terribly familiar with writing analysis, terminology, ...
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2answers
93 views

How to build a train of thought across multiple paragraphs and pages?

I am struggling to organize small to medium size chunks of writing into coherent trains of thought. I will first describe my problem and then describe what kind of solution I'm looking for. MY ...
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1answer
128 views

Difference b/w Abstract and Introduction writing for a research paper

I was slightly confused with differentiating Abstract and Introduction writing for a research paper.Is any one there to help me out .. !!!! Thanks & Regards Ravva
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1answer
132 views

Can section headings in a paper be questions?

I searched and didn't see an answer to this. I'm writing a research paper using MLA, but I would be interested to know the answer to this for other styles as well. My question is whether section ...
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18 views

Directly quoting a source who also has a cited source [duplicate]

When you are directly quoting a source who also has a cited source in the sentence or sentences you are using what is the best course of action?
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1answer
34 views

Referring to fictional version of an author in essay

I'm writing a literary analysis essay in which the author, Tim O'Brien, uses a fictional version of himself to tell the stories in the book. How would you suggest I help keep the reader from being ...
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2answers
99 views

What voice (active/passive) is most suitable for literary academic papers (literary journals)?

I know that many scientific papers are expected to be written in passive voice according to APA style. However, I don't know if this applies to literary papers too? Or should they be written in active ...
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2answers
61 views

How to release a heavy revision to a series without upsetting readers?

I am writing a course book series with 4-5 workbooks. Each subsequent chapter is highly dependent on material in previous sections. Few readers using the workbooks will be able to skip sections. At a ...
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3answers
217 views

What are some tricks for managing debilitating writing anxiety/phobia?

For the past 4 years, I've developed a severe problem with writing anxiety. It's become so bad, that I had to drop out of my first university because I wasn't able to keep up with the course work. ...
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1answer
75 views

How to write “number of cups per user” for short using symbols?

I want to insert a text segment in a figure in my conference paper. Like "number of cups per user", can I use #cups/user ? I think "cups/user" means an average value, right? What I need is a X-Y ...
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2answers
759 views

What's the difference between the American and the European style in essay writing?

Several times during my studies I have heard about American and European styles in writing essays. From what I've gathered, the American style is supposed to be more argumentative. On the other hand ...
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2answers
136 views

How do I cite a standalone quote at the beginning of a doctoral thesis?

The book which the quote is from is also being cited throughout the thesis, so naturally it is included in the bibliography. What should the citation look like? Should it be consistent with the ...
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2answers
100 views

Writing succintly. Does it matter?

When I write school papers (Essays and projects) I try to make it as succint as possible. I'll say this is my preferred style of writing. Compared to other students that like writing explicit ...
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1answer
154 views

Master's Thesis Structure: Separate-Page Chapters or Same-Page Sections?

I start my master's thesis the coming fall, and I have started planning how to structure and set up the document (in LaTeX). My thesis is in essence one large laboratory experiment (as analytical ...
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1answer
65 views

I want my coauthor to feel comfortable making changes to my work

I'm sending a draft to my coauthor (senior and more experienced). I'm new to the world of coauthoring and was wondering what would be a good way to suggest that he has absolute liberty to change ...
2
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1answer
123 views

Preventing units from being “broken” to the next line

I'm having trouble with keeping "units" on the same line, or together. For example, g C m-2 (grams of carbon per square meter) often gets broken between the "-" and "2". I realize it's possible to use ...
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1answer
39 views

Author order and grouping on technical document

This question pertains to author/contributor order and grouping on a technical document. I performed tests on some equipment and had two other people directly involved. My boss and his boss need to ...
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1answer
37 views

Should programmers/DBAs be co-authored on papers for their contributions?

I'm taking a CITI course and one of the sections dealt with authoring on manuscripts. The gist is that you don't add authors when no work has been done (such as adding a notable person for their ...
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2answers
1k views

Changing Capitalization in a Quote - MLA

I'm writing an essay (MLA style) for class and I am quoting a whole sentence within my sentence. For example: They published a “manifesto” proclaiming that “[a]ll are welcome to walk through our ...
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2answers
48 views

“Performance” to indicate speed ambigous?

I am writing about algorithms in a paper and I wonder how to best express increasing the speed of an algorithm. Is it clear when I write "The performance increased by doing X" or can this be ...
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2answers
60 views

How do I claim the number of scholarly articles on a niche subject is relatively small without listing every single one of those citations?

I have a sentence in my literature review that goes something like this: ... has only been thoroughly evaluated by a relatively small number of experts in the xx literature (author1992; author1994; ...
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5answers
209 views

Struggling to writing in English

I always struggle to write my ideas in English. Structuring my work/idea when it comes to writing leaves me blank. Even when I'm very clear about what I want to write, I will still struggle with ...
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2answers
30k views

Difference between an 'Abstract' and an 'Introduction' in a feature article?

I have to write a feature article for school. However, I'm confused how an abstract [a summary of my points] is different to an intro [Where you outline the points you're going to be elaborating in ...
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3answers
158 views

Thesis writing: how to address “self”

This came up when I was writing my thesis: Usually it is recommended that when writing a thesis, one sticks to passive voice and use sentences that read like "The study showed the effect that blah ...
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1answer
71 views

Grammar books recommendation [duplicate]

I am learning to write better, and have read books such as The Lively art of writing and Element of Style. I realize what I am missing is the grammar books that teaches me the different ways to ...
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3answers
279 views

Does excessive use of prepositions make writing unclear?

This site's writing reports claim that excessive use of prepositions makes writing unclear. For example: "The principle of keeping nouns and verbs as close to each other as possible for the benefit ...
3
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1answer
130 views

Typography of page numbers

I regularly write texts in LaTeX. Its book class places page numbers on pages of normal text but not on chapter-starting pages. Some books use roman letters in the beginning, and I was criticised by ...
4
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1answer
194 views

Is there a great manual for technical and scientific writing?

I am looking for a reference book that details everything I must keep in mind while writing scientific and technical documents. It should include both practical advice, do's and dont's as well as ...
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4answers
223 views

Are there straightforward instructions for MS WORD 2013 for numbering in different formats, yet maintaining a chronological count?

I have a master's thesis in the humanities undergoing its final throes before readers' examinations. The university's formatting rules are, understandably, very strict and, unfortunately, demand a ...
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2answers
85 views

Is an MLA citation needed for a broad description of a poem's theme?

I'm trying to figure out whether I need to cite these poems or not. “Out, Out—” has its morbid description of a young boy bleeding out and its underlying theme of death. “Nothing Gold Can Stay” ...