Writing texts in a scientific or educational setting: peer-reviewed articles, theses, text books, and others.

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3answers
36 views

Paraphrasing this part [on hold]

I want to paraphrase a sentence (as opposed to quoting), but I can not seem get any words in my mind for this part. What methods can I use to find ideas and methods for rephrasing well written ...
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2answers
16 views

academic writing: direct quote

I have a simple question regarding scientific quotes. Which of the following alternatives is correct? Alt. 1: The literature has made substantial strides towards identifying causal effects of X on Y ...
2
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2answers
82 views

Has leading changed over the last 15 years?

When I was in primary school, I was told to use 1.0-line leading for papers; in secondary school, this jumped to 2.0 lines; in early tertiary school (i.e. college/university), I was told to use 1.5 ...
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0answers
12 views

Howto refer to (or avoid) a numbered entity in section title [migrated]

In a master thesis, I need to refer to a model described elsewhere, from a section title, like \section{Analysis of model X} One way of referring to a model is to create a new counter, and then ...
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2answers
32 views

Can you use et al. in a Bibliography?

In the text, I have, e.g. "...a major role to play in role-playing (Smith et al., 1990)." But can I use the same abbreviation in the bibliography? Smith, K. et al. 1990. Playing major roles ...
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4answers
76 views

When using freewriting, should I avoid correcting typos?

My university recommends Freewriting to all its postgraduate students as a daily exercises to help overcome writer's block. I tend to make terrible typos, possibly related to my disgraphia. missing ...
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0answers
20 views

What phrase can I use to describe connected concepts [migrated]

I am searching for a more sophisticated phrase that would express a specific connection between items mentioned in my paper. I wish to explain that the connection is not like a vertical line but more ...
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5answers
60 views

So, where do I begin?

Where can an absolute newcomer to the discipline of writing begin to learn about the various types and genres of writing so as to become able to identify them simply by reading them? I have taken ...
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2answers
41 views

Synonym for 'overly obvious'? [closed]

Writing about Waugh. Nanny Hawkins is first described thus: 'her hands lay open in her lap and, loosely between then, a rosary; she was fast asleep'. I find the rosary reference to be TOO blatant, ...
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1answer
23 views

Footnote placement — inside or outside terminal quote?

When you are referencing inforamtion in the footnote, is it customary to put the footnote number inside the quote or outside? For instance is it: "The pink pig."1 or: "The pink pig.1"
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1answer
40 views

Difference between Analytical Writing and Critical Writing

I have been spending time online since yesterday trying to understand the difference between analytical summary writing and critical writing. I intend to write an analytical summary essay on the ...
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1answer
44 views

How to change Microsoft Word Heading style [closed]

For example, Heading 1 is automatically typeset as Chapter 1: Chapter 1 Title. I would like to change this to Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Title however. How can I achieve this? I'm using Word 2013.
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1answer
23 views

Lists of description appropriate for formal writing?

In a formal piece, is it appropriate to write a list, especially one of descriptions? It's the easiest way to get information across sometimes, especially on a tight word limit. For example, if I had ...
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3answers
62 views

Are essays supposed to be formal?

After reading a prompt to one of essays, and then looking at this link, I realized how little I know about the actual meaning of an essay. Here is how my definition of "essay" has become muddied over ...
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1answer
41 views

How do I implement a scholarly citation style in an online format?

I am part of a group starting an online, submissions-based journal of critical writing specific to my field. As the writing will be academic, we will need a formal citation process. We have decided to ...
5
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1answer
62 views

What is an APA-certified editor?

Is APA-certified editor an actual credential? If yes, is there a universally-accepted proof in the U.S. for that credential? I tried a web search on "how to become an APA-certified editor." I ...
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1answer
60 views

What are common academic categories of a story’s relationship to an audience?

I’m trying to understand the concept of an audience. I feel like exposure to modern stories has given me a vague sense about aspects of this concept but I would really like someone with more formal ...
4
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1answer
125 views

Writing a scientific name in an italized phrase?

If I use a scientific name (Python regius) in a phrase that is already in italics, should the scientific name then be written normally or underlined? Does anybody know the rule?
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1answer
440 views

How to write a “state of the art” chapter

I am an engineering student in a non-English speaking country and I'm writing my master's thesis in English, as well as all related articles. I can't use the country's language nor my first language ...
4
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1answer
59 views

Writing a PhD thesis. Question about (an informal) introduction

I am preparing scientific thesis for the degree of PhD. It is a mathematical thesis. It is usually very difficult to tell your colleagues and friends what are the things you exactly work on with ...
2
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1answer
32 views

Citing someone's work, copying and pasting fragment. Is that OK?

I found the original manuscript of a very celebrated English botanist on the internet (in pdf format of course) Here it is: http://sciweb.nybg.org/science2/pdfs/dws/Brownian.pdf The reason is that in ...
3
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2answers
69 views

Untranslated text with a work being translated

I am translating an academic work (MLA style) which contains a untranslated section by the author. The original work is in Portugese and the untranslated section is in Spanish. Do I leave the Spanish ...
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0answers
56 views

Writing content for website [closed]

I am an undergraduate student in Computer Science, me and some of my friends are interested in creating a website to teach programming languages and some mathematics topic which are required to be a ...
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1answer
33 views

How to use academic titles in the beginning of a paper

Should I use titles e.g. Dr., PhD, MS., BS, etc the beginning of a paper along with author names? Does the rule, if any, differ for different styles e.g. APA, MLA, etc.? Is the following, to make ...
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0answers
21 views

When is Ghostwriting is legal and ethical? [closed]

When is Ghostwriting is legal and ethical? I used something like a ghostwriter to help quickly publish a research paper. I was called before the chair of my department years ago and called a cheat ...
4
votes
2answers
567 views

Including a deceased person in a dedication

What is the convention when you want to dedicate a work to someone who is dead? It is necessary to be explicit about that? For example, I am writing my thesis and would like to dedicate it to my ...
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2answers
111 views

How can I write a thesis statement and stay on topic in a persuasive essay?

Recently I was made to write a persuasive essay about whether or not this quote by W. H. Auden is true: Machines are beneficial to the degree that they eliminate the need for labor, harmful to the ...
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2answers
56 views

Should I use hypophoras at the beginning of every paragraphs?

Hypophora is a figure of speech in which a writer raises a question and then immediately provides an answer to that question. I am about to write a Statement of Purpose. In the SOP, I need to ...
2
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2answers
53 views

Punctuation in a list

Let's say I have a document with a list like this: aaaa bbbb cccc dddd Should I put nothing, a semicolon, a full stop or what at the end of each line? This is for an academic paper. We don't ...
2
votes
3answers
43 views

What label to use in an article for a group of equations?

Writing an academic paper, one might use different labels for different entities. For example in MS Word, Figure, Table, and Equation might be used for figures, tables, and math equations, ...
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1answer
1k views

Right font style and size for a master thesis

I'm writing a master thesis for my master in economics. Given that the thesis is not expected to be too much formal (the master itslef is very practical and little theoretical) I want to use good ...
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1answer
36 views

What “kind” of writing is The Fixation of Belief essay by Charles Sanders Pierce?

I happened by this essay a couple of years ago, now. I've been trying to find things written in a similar style since. However, I'm not terribly familiar with writing analysis, terminology, ...
2
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2answers
119 views

How to build a train of thought across multiple paragraphs and pages?

I am struggling to organize small to medium size chunks of writing into coherent trains of thought. I will first describe my problem and then describe what kind of solution I'm looking for. MY ...
2
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1answer
203 views

Difference b/w Abstract and Introduction writing for a research paper

I was slightly confused with differentiating Abstract and Introduction writing for a research paper.Is any one there to help me out .. !!!! Thanks & Regards Ravva
2
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1answer
228 views

Can section headings in a paper be questions?

I searched and didn't see an answer to this. I'm writing a research paper using MLA, but I would be interested to know the answer to this for other styles as well. My question is whether section ...
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0answers
18 views

Directly quoting a source who also has a cited source [duplicate]

When you are directly quoting a source who also has a cited source in the sentence or sentences you are using what is the best course of action?
2
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1answer
35 views

Referring to fictional version of an author in essay

I'm writing a literary analysis essay in which the author, Tim O'Brien, uses a fictional version of himself to tell the stories in the book. How would you suggest I help keep the reader from being ...
1
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2answers
130 views

What voice (active/passive) is most suitable for literary academic papers (literary journals)?

I know that many scientific papers are expected to be written in passive voice according to APA style. However, I don't know if this applies to literary papers too? Or should they be written in active ...
4
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2answers
64 views

How to release a heavy revision to a series without upsetting readers?

I am writing a course book series with 4-5 workbooks. Each subsequent chapter is highly dependent on material in previous sections. Few readers using the workbooks will be able to skip sections. At a ...
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3answers
284 views

What are some tricks for managing debilitating writing anxiety/phobia?

For the past 4 years, I've developed a severe problem with writing anxiety. It's become so bad, that I had to drop out of my first university because I wasn't able to keep up with the course work. ...
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votes
1answer
78 views

How to write “number of cups per user” for short using symbols?

I want to insert a text segment in a figure in my conference paper. Like "number of cups per user", can I use #cups/user ? I think "cups/user" means an average value, right? What I need is a X-Y ...
3
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2answers
935 views

What's the difference between the American and the European style in essay writing?

Several times during my studies I have heard about American and European styles in writing essays. From what I've gathered, the American style is supposed to be more argumentative. On the other hand ...
2
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2answers
165 views

How do I cite a standalone quote at the beginning of a doctoral thesis?

The book which the quote is from is also being cited throughout the thesis, so naturally it is included in the bibliography. What should the citation look like? Should it be consistent with the ...
-1
votes
2answers
112 views

Writing succintly. Does it matter?

When I write school papers (Essays and projects) I try to make it as succint as possible. I'll say this is my preferred style of writing. Compared to other students that like writing explicit ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Master's Thesis Structure: Separate-Page Chapters or Same-Page Sections?

I start my master's thesis the coming fall, and I have started planning how to structure and set up the document (in LaTeX). My thesis is in essence one large laboratory experiment (as analytical ...
2
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1answer
70 views

I want my coauthor to feel comfortable making changes to my work

I'm sending a draft to my coauthor (senior and more experienced). I'm new to the world of coauthoring and was wondering what would be a good way to suggest that he has absolute liberty to change ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Preventing units from being “broken” to the next line

I'm having trouble with keeping "units" on the same line, or together. For example, g C m-2 (grams of carbon per square meter) often gets broken between the "-" and "2". I realize it's possible to use ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Author order and grouping on technical document

This question pertains to author/contributor order and grouping on a technical document. I performed tests on some equipment and had two other people directly involved. My boss and his boss need to ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Should programmers/DBAs be co-authored on papers for their contributions?

I'm taking a CITI course and one of the sections dealt with authoring on manuscripts. The gist is that you don't add authors when no work has been done (such as adding a notable person for their ...
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2answers
2k views

Changing Capitalization in a Quote - MLA

I'm writing an essay (MLA style) for class and I am quoting a whole sentence within my sentence. For example: They published a “manifesto” proclaiming that “[a]ll are welcome to walk through our ...