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How can a character be made to appear witty, or funny? That is, the character amuses other characters, not the reader, who should ideally be impressed with the characters wit. The only way that I can think of is to have the character be able to make some good jokes, but that relies on the author being funny. What if I'm not funny, or just can't think of any good jokes at the time?

inspired by How does one write a character smarter than oneself?

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I still don't understand "That is, the character amuses other characters, not the reader." So you're saying that your Funny Character makes jokes which Other Characters find funny, but the Reader thinks are... appalling? tasteless? boring? I don't grasp what you're aiming for. Why wouldn't a funny character just be funny? Why is "the reader is impressed with the character's wit" different from "the Reader thinks the Funny character is funny"? –  Lauren Ipsum Aug 1 '13 at 13:49
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@LaurenIpsum The OP might be trying to say that the humor of the writing is not meant to be a major factor but that the wittiness of the character is significant. E.g., a murder mystery where a comedian is a potential suspect; being revealed as a very witty person might be important to the plot (establishing or eliminating motive) or just a realistic (suspension of disbelief) character portrayal, but the point is not to amuse the reader with the character's humor. –  Paul A. Clayton Aug 1 '13 at 15:05
    
@LaurenIpsum: No, think "amusing the reader is optional". You want to convey the idea the character is amusing, by whatever means that make it believable. If the reader just gets the idea instead without getting amused that's fine (although following the "show, not tell" I'd say amusing the reader is most welcome. Eh, I spent many evenings thinking up jokes for one character who could be named a joke mine...) –  SF. Aug 1 '13 at 15:06
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::shrug:: I'm following what you're saying, but IHMO it seems pointless. It's the extreme of an informed characteristic: you're bluntly telling us that the guy is funny without ever allowing us to be amused. Yes, if you tapdance around it enough you could, but I don't know why a writer would want to. –  Lauren Ipsum Aug 1 '13 at 17:59
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"You can pretend to be serious but you can't pretend to be witty." - Sacha Guitry –  Rex Kerr Aug 2 '13 at 17:20
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In addition to the points made in SF.'s answer, one can also express the act indirectly or express the effects of the wit without showing the wit itself.

Here are some examples:

Joe whispered something to Susan and her face contorted in an attempt to suppress her laughter.

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"Then the waiter brought three glasses of water," Helen continued.

Joe interrupted quickly with a pun, and we all groaned in appreciation. "Sorry, I couldn't resist. What happened after he brought the water?"

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"You really need to get Joe to tell you the joke about the plumber and the paralegal."

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"Joe, this is a serious meeting, so try to keep your clever remarks to yourself."

(This might present Joe in an inappropriately negative light, but if said by someone who dislikes Joe or is excessively uptight about formal procedures the negativity would be reduced, possibly inverted.)

I entered the room looking for Joe and saw him surrounded by several enthralled listeners.

"'That was my plunger!'" Joe concluded, and everyone cracked up laughing.

(Anyone who can make that punchline funny is probably fairly gifted.)

Obviously, there is a limit to how much one can express the humor indirectly. The effectiveness of the actual jokes could be improved by indications that those jokes are actually the weakest jokes the character tells ("I'm disappointed, Joe. I almost managed to keep myself from laughing on that one.") or by having another character tell the joke and explain that the witty character shared it and that the witty character told it much better.

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In my personal experience, mixing the two approaches is just right. Thinking up good jokes is difficult but I can squeeze two or three to the name of given character. The remainder, well, imply effects, show hooks, apply tricks like finishing a chapter with that character saying “So, a pegasus, a zebra and a buffalo walk into a bar...” –  SF. Aug 1 '13 at 14:59
    
I've seen lots of movies where we enter a scene just as a character is telling the punch line to a joke or funny story. I recall a particularly strange one where the movie picks up a scene with a character saying, "... and we never did find the other shoe", and everyone in the room bursts into laughter. That gives you the idea that the character is very funny without the writer having to make up an incredibly funny story, and also creates a mini-mystery where the viewer wonders what the funny story might have been about. But if you try to do this too often in the same story, I think it ... –  Jay Aug 2 '13 at 14:32
    
starts to look lame. If you never actually tell the joke but are always giving us these dangling punch lines, I think that's really going to stand out, like you're trying to hide the fact that you can't actually think of any funny stories. –  Jay Aug 2 '13 at 14:33
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I mainly agree with most folks here, although I think that the old, old standby of "show, don't tell" applies. If you say that a guy is witty, at best the reader will think that whomever you've given the narrative voice to thinks the character is witty (which by the way can be useful - for instance, if you want to introduce a character who is a bit of a buffoon but who the narrator has a crush on or something, you can use that device to create some dramatic irony). If you have characters physically laughing at what a character is doing, at best you portray the idea that the other characters think this person is witty, or at least choose to laugh at their jokes. The worst case scenario in both cases is that the reader thinks you're trying too hard and puts down the book.

I like to think that I can write fairly funny prose but one thing I basically never do is have other characters laugh at it. Roll their eyes, yes. Sigh and tell them to get to the point, absolutely. For one thing, I like the irony that encompasses a joke not getting a laugh. For another, if someone really doesn't find the line funny, they get to sympathize with the not-laughing character. It's like a win-win for everyone.

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In addition to what others have said:

It's easy enough to buy a joke book or search the Internet for jokes. Then pick a few that you can fit into your story.

I read a book about how to be funny years ago -- not saying that I got A's in that class! -- where the writer said that an important trick is to be able to adapt jokes on the fly. You can often take a joke that was written in one context and just change some of the details around to fit it to the present context. Like, I read a joke once that involved telegrams. Well, no one sends telegrams any more. But then one day we were sitting around talking about email and I took a telegram story and just changed all the references from telegram to email.

(Of course you can't just blindly replace words. You can't necessarily just change "A beautiful young woman went to see a doctor ..." to "A beautiful young woman went to see a database engineering consultant ..." and have the story make any sense. Doctor jokes routinely hinge on the idea of the doctor behaving inappropriately, which is jarring and funny because we expect doctors to be very proper and reserved. But we expect database engineers to be crude, so there's no humor there.)

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The first issue you need to deal with is where you say "the character amuses other characters, not the reader". As Lauren Ipsum points out, what you're basically saying here is that you're going to tell the reader the character's amusing, rather than show it. A character is believable because the reader finds him believable, not because the other characters find him believable, so you're already falling at the first hurdle if you can't make the reader see him as witty. This should be your top priority.

The other issue is the idea that the author must be witty or funny to make a witty or funny character. Not so. Must an author be a cold-blooded murderer or a withdrawn, melancholic cowboy to write those characters? Of course not, any more than an actor must be like the character they're trying to portray. What an author must be is a good observer of other people, and that's the best advice I can give you in order to write as another character. Observe friends, family or even strangers who are funny and witty, and see what makes them funny and witty. Read biographies of funny people. What made them tick? Get inside that person's head, and try to think like them. Not just how they're funny and witty, but why are they funny and witty. Do they do it to hide their own inadequacies? To divert attention? To become the centre of attention? There's an old saying: often a true word spoken in jest, so perhaps it's done to mask how they really feel in a funny way.

As a side note, it's not just telling jokes that makes someone funny. It could be puns or word play, it could be the ability to poke fun at other people or even themselves, or even just the way an ordinary story is told. Being funny and witty takes on many different forms, so don't just think in terms of "jokes".

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A character considered "witty" in a particular time and setting might not appear to me to be amusing at all; but the responses of his contemporaries will show me something about his standing within the dramatis personae. –  Fortiter Aug 2 '13 at 3:52
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I'm afraid then you're quite stuck.

Note as the author you have significant advantages:

  • no fear of L'esprit de l'escalier - you can always come back and add/modify given reply, or slowly engineer given joke.
  • You create the situation for situational humor. Moreover, you can set up the victims of the wit to say or do things that will give the witty guy all the ammo you need.
  • You have all the time in the world for testing and polishing (...or at least as much as the publisher allows)
  • You can ask for external help. Get a witty friend to help you find good retorts in given passages.
  • You can finally cheat by plagiarizing - not directly, but you can adapt witty situations from other (important: Little known!) sources, edit them to match the current situation and make them your own.

Last but not least, gather a bunch of expressions with double meanings, have their innocent, literal meaning variants happen in the story, then have the smartass mention them in a way that arises blush.

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