I always think of commas as indicating pauses in speech, and vice versa.
So I was surprised the other day when I saw somebody's typed-out Pledge of Allegiance, which looked like this:
"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
The reason that it stood out to me was because of the way that I've always heard everyone recite it... with far more pauses, which to me, would be indicative of more commas:
"I pledge allegiance, to the flag, of the United States of America. And to the republic, for which it stands, one nation, under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
This version feels more familiar to me, more in line with the way we recite. But seeing it written down, it seems ridiculously comma-heavy.
So... is my understanding of commas correct? Is it correct to use them to demonstrate pauses in speech? Are they required to influence/enforce cadence? If so, can I have too many commas, or is it correct to use as many as I have pauses, even if that's a lot?