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I want to do a free daily podcast of the Bible. Would I need permission of the copyright holder of the translation I am reading or would this be considered fair use? Would I need to state the source or, conversely, would I be restricted from stating the source without authorization?

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up vote 3 down vote accepted

First of all, yes, the (purported) author of the Bible has much better recourse than the standard Cease & Desist letter -- for example, He could send a plague of locusts or kill your kin and kine -- and arguments about "the life of the author" would probably make things worse rather than better, but, no, He probably won't take any sort of action.

And yes, the translator for any particular version does hold the copyright but there are many, many translations whose copyrights have long since expired. The King James Version (certainly the most poetic translation) saw its copyright expire before George Washington was born. There's also the now-public-domain American Standard Version.

Finally, there are versions released under very flexible licenses. For example, you can record the New English Translation without paying a dime so long as you aren't making money off it yourself.

And the translation certainly does matter. For proof, look no further than Genesis 1:2. The (free!) King James Version reads:

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

But the (not free!) New International Version is

Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.

There are those who claim that Shakespeare and Marlowe helped out on the KJV. I don't know if I believe that, but you don't have be a poet to realize that "hovering over the waters" is not the image you want to start your Bible with. Makes the Lord of Hosts sound like He's in a helicopter...

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Funny description, but in reality what it is supposed to mean is that the Spirit of God was vibrating over the waters (in an "agitated" state. It speaks of energy, and is actually deep into physics and other stuff that would be a bit too deep to go into here :D... – RolandiXor Jul 7 '11 at 4:09
@RolandTaylor -- If you're into the science of the Bible, read 1 Kings 7:23, where the value for pi is 3. – Malvolio Jul 7 '11 at 4:20
that's one of the most silly misunderstandings I've ever seen. Also, take a look at this: apocalipsis.org/difficulties/pi.htm and this: thewordteaches.com/questions/math_in_1Kings_7_23.htm You will see that it is actually an error of understanding the original scripture that gives you an answer of 3... – RolandiXor Jul 7 '11 at 4:34
A small correction: the KJV is out of copyright almost everywhere. It's under perpetual copyright in the UK, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/… – sjl Jul 8 '11 at 2:31
@sjl: I did not know that. I did some Googling; at least one close variation on the KJV was considered a "derivative work" and -- although it wasn't clear whether this was tested in court or just the publisher's lawyer's opinion -- therefore separately copyrightable. A spoken version of the book would be even more "derived" and less a "copy". If it were me, and I had no business interests in the UK, I would just go ahead and publish. If Her Majesty's Stationery Office sends me a C&D, so be it, but I think it about as likely as getting complaints from the Original Author. – Malvolio Jul 8 '11 at 3:26

The Bible itself isn't under copyright. A modern translation/interpretation may be, so just stick with one that's in the public domain, eg. The King James Version.

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First: Here are no lawyers around, sorry.

Second: You could use a non-copyrighted. (More info)

Third: Why don't you just ask the copyright owner?

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