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I have written a novel based on my past life experiences, however the story involves a few people who might not like the idea of getting their stories published. What is the legal and social effects that I should consider and take care of.

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Welcome to Writers. Browse the other questions under the Legal tag, as your question may have been addressed already. writers.stackexchange.com/questions/tagged/legal –  Lauren Ipsum Apr 2 at 10:15
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Hi and welcome to Writers. As mentioned by @LaurenIpsum there are a few question which (I think) cover the same territory as your question. Consider having a look at writers.stackexchange.com/questions/6336/… , writers.stackexchange.com/questions/9308/… , writers.stackexchange.com/questions/2555/… . If it doesn't help, comment! –  Pravesh Parekh Apr 2 at 11:39
    
Yeah, I'm pretty sure I may have answered a question about this. If not, I at least used it as part of an answer. In my answer on writers.stackexchange.com/questions/7554/… , I actually say "Don’t use real people’s names unless you know them and/or have gotten their permission." It applies everywhere, though. Not just fanfic :P. –  JMcAfreak Jun 11 at 20:07
    
Is this meant to be a work of fiction based on your life, or an actual account of your life? That makes a big difference. –  lea Jul 13 at 6:04

1 Answer 1

As mentioned in comments this question has been addressed before but as a fellow writer I cannot resist talking about my own experiences.

I tell a lot of stories that involve my friends and family. I also (when the daylight allows) run a writer's group. An exercise I give the group is to write a description of several people in the group without using their name.

Not only do the group members find that they work differently but their descriptions are much more engaging than their regular work (showing that working from life is a good way to make art) but the group found it very hard to identify themselves from their friends perceptions of themselves. In most cases the subjects were flattered to be described even when the writer was largely unkind.

However the legal implications are a different story. You need to do enough to be able to claim that while inspired by true events and characters the story is fictional. The advice is generally that you should not name or use significantly identifiable characteristics. The test being that a reasonable person might be able to identify the subject from the work - we've shown that this is actually quite hard when the writer is not trying to hide anything.

So go read the good advice of others but also carry out some fiction writer's science. Write a paragraph description of several friends and then ask them and an equal number of not described friends to first identify the people being described. The test group will not see themselves any more often than the control group. Then tell them that they are in there and to identify their description (don't let them know which group they are in - tell them all that they are in there). I would expect you to find that the control group will pick a description out as being themselves about as often as the subject group do but that the subject group will be not be hugely accurate. You are likely to find that people find it hard to pick out themselves and friends.

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The problem with your advice is that you consider only the description of the characters, but not the events that they are involved in. If any author writes about something that his friends and family know happened to him, they'll be able to identify the persons involved in it. –  what May 12 at 9:49
    
True insofar as some events may be similar but almost all writers use events close to their own life as the starting point for events in stories. Once you get into the details of the who and the where and the why of the fictionalised events things can become significantly different to the events they are based on. –  Matthew Brown May 12 at 15:02

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