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I know there are similar questions around (like this and this) but they don't really have an answer that works for me.

Are there any specific resources that would give me an idea about writing in archaic English? I am not really talking about 'Old English' or 'Shakespearean English' but more on the lines of archaic forms of words and verbs.

For example, 'Tis for it is, beareth for bear, groom'd for groomed etc.

How can we be sure about the spellings and style of writing when using archaic forms? Of course, one idea is to read a lot but anything apart from that? Any resource that could perhaps look at variants of spellings over time? The trouble with reading and picking up words (specially from the modern writers) is that you can never be sure if they are accurate and more so, it reflects a spelling from a particular time. Looking at something like a timeline of spellings would help in a choosing a more 'generalized' variant which may not be time specific.

Thanks!

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Related, on the English site: Is it ever effective to use modern and archaic grammar together? –  Neil Fein Mar 4 at 17:02
    
Do not write in dialect, slang or sociolect you are not fluent in. The result will be awkward and ridiculous. –  what Mar 5 at 10:52
    
@what: That, I am sure, is a personal opinion. There may be reasons why one would want to write in a dialect etc. in which one is not fluent. It might even be deliberate. At the same time, there may be situations that demand the use of a style like this. In that way, I choose to disagree that the result will (always) be awkward and ridiculous. I agree with the possibility of the same but it eventually just comes down to the writer, does it not? –  Pravesh Parekh Mar 5 at 13:28
    
As a linguist I would like to emphasize that "achaic English" is not only a matter of changing a word here or there, but that (a) it has a different grammar, (b) uses different words or (c) the same words with a different meaning, and (d) is used in a different way, meaning that even if you got (a) to (c) right, which I doubt without putting a lot of time and effort into mastering that language, you still wouldn't necessarily know which grammatically correct sentence would be used when and by whom. –  what Mar 5 at 14:40
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If you only need a sentence or two, I'd look into some texts from the period and find similar examples. Here is a list of authors from the period I think you are tinking of: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:16th-century_English_writers. Besides that, the OED is full of quotes from most every time period for most words, so you can see how those words were written and how they were used in the context of a sentence. –  what Mar 5 at 14:44

1 Answer 1

up vote 2 down vote accepted

It depends what you mean by 'archaic'. For a wider cultural reference to Archaic England, see Harold Bayley's Archaic England.

Halliwell's dictionary covers 14th century usage, and is particularly good on dialects. It references other works which you may find useful for other periods.

Sweet's work is Anglo-Saxon in focus.

There are several region-specific dictionaries that cover 'archaic' English use.

I would suggest you also get a feel for period-specific writing from primary sources - The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Asser's Life of Alfred, Chaucer, Caxton's Aesop, Bracton on the Laws and Customs of England (not the right title, but it's on the Harvard law school website - sometimes referred to as Brancton), but avoid Victorian pseudo-archaic usage, which is a style in its own right.

If you've got a specific period in mind, you may get some advice that is more specifically targeted. In the meantime, I hope this helps.

ADDITIONALLY

See also ASNC spoken word page here

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